ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Methods of poisoning: antidepressant drugs

Today patients with antidepressant drug overdose. represent a large portion. The pharmacological properties of the antidepressants are multiple and include interference with release of adrenaline at the level of brain

Arsina: what to do?

Arsine is a gas that is handled in its pure state in industry or is unexpectedly released from other metals when they come into contact with nascent hydrogen. Arsine has

Febrile convulsions

Le Febrile convulsions are seizures in the course of fever in a subject between 6 months old and 5 years old, who has no signs of acute brain affection or

Resuscitation

IThe moment a motionless person is seen, it is necessary to test the person ‘s sensitivity by shaking the body slightly and giving small blows. Immediately afterwards, it is important

Meningitis in children

Meningitis is one of the neurological diseases most commonly acquired during childhood. It is the infection of the meninges due to the penetration of pathogens into the subarachnoid space and

Kawasaki syndrome and disease

Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

Exposure to chemicals

A corrosive substance can damage tissue within minutes, so it is very important to remove it quickly. What to do? First, immediately call for an ambulance. If the chemical remains

The toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a particularly risky type of shock caused by toxins produced by bacteria (staphylococcus or streptococcus).

Caustic ingestions

Caustics are the substances capable of damaging the digestive system. Symptoms present during caustic ingestion include crying, dysphagia, vomiting, chest pain, laryngeal stridor, profuse sialorrhea, possible respiratory distress. Caustics can

Drowning: what is the treatment to take?

annegamento

When we talk about drowning we are talking about a diagnosis of death, so it would be more correct to talk about “semi-drowning,” by which we denote the condition of a subject to have survived suffocation by immersion. The greatest risk of this eventuality is related to aspiration of water into the airway. This leads to loss of consciousness and the need for patient care.

The water could be hypertonic or hypotonic. In the first case the patient will encounter hemoconcentration, in the second a Hemodilution and hemolysis. The tests to be performed are arterial blood gas analysis, pH and bicarbonates. In fact, it happens that most drowned people are In acidosis, initially respiratory and metabolic, then metabolic type.

Principles of therapy

It is first necessary to take the patient out of the water, trying to reach it with the help of a rope or stick. Pending of transportation to the hospital, immediately disostruct the oral cavity, practice mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose breathing and keep the patient on a flank.

In resuscitation it is necessary:

  • Postural drainage
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Possible intubation
  • Correction of acidosis and volemia
  • Monitoring and support of cardiovascular function
  • Treatment of any neurological complications
  • Antibiotic therapy

Prognosis is related to early intervention and is usually favorable and free of long-term sequelae.

Source: Medical Guard Handbook edited by Piercarlo Salari

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The term bronchitis refers to an acute inflammation of the trachea and bronchi that generally arises as a result of a viral or, more rarely, bacterial infection. In overall healthy

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Obstructive sleep apnea

Repetitive episodes of upper airway obstruction may occur during sleep, often accompanied by reduced oxygen saturation. Such episodes are accompanied in almost all cases by snoring. Apneas often end with

Food allergies and intolerances

Physical reactions to certain foods are common, but for the most part they are caused by afood intolerance rather than a food allergy. A food intolerance can cause some of

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The term “bronchiectasis” refers to a respiratory condition affecting the bronchi that is characterized by the presence of dilatations and degeneration of bronchial tissue, associated with the presence of “mucus

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