ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Main types of poisoning: opiates

Opiates are considered opium, morphine, pethidine, diamorphine, methadone, pentazocine, and dextropropoxyphene. These are able to sedate pain and result in drug dependence. Their production and sale are under strict control

Foreign body (in the respiratory tract)

Children between 6 months and 3 years of age often get find themselves struggling with a foreign body in the respiratory tract. Symptoms are spasmodic coughing and sudden stridor in

The toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a particularly risky type of shock caused by toxins produced by bacteria (staphylococcus or streptococcus).

Kawasaki syndrome and disease

Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

Hyperventilation: what to do?

Hyperventilation is when breathing is faster and deeper than usual as a result of emotional stress or anxiety. Symptoms of hyperventilation include fast and deep breathing, dizziness, chest pain, sweating,

Injury of the fingers and toes

FRACTURE/LUXATION For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and

Electrocution: what to do

In electrocution , the greatest damage is visible inside the body, even though the burn may appear small and superficial. What to do? Make sure the place is safe, unplug

Methods of poisoning: antidepressant drugs

Today patients with antidepressant drug overdose. represent a large portion. The pharmacological properties of the antidepressants are multiple and include interference with release of adrenaline at the level of brain

Tetany: what to do?

tetania

Tetany is divided into: manifest, latent and alkalosic.

Symptoms of manifest tetany include muscle aches and cramps, opisthotonos, paresthesias or stiffness in the hands and feet. Convulsions, laryngospasms, and carpo-podal spasms may occur.

Symptoms of latent tetany are: carpo- podalic spasms, contraction of the orbicularis orbicularis muscle of the mouth, dorsal flexion of the foot, elongated QT, diffuse slow activity.

Alkalotic tetany is very rare in infants and young children.

Tetany is often due to magnesium or calcium deficiency, characterized by the association between the signs and symptoms of neuromuscular excitability and psychosomatic manifestations of neurosis. Magnesium deficiency is generally due to loss of the mineral through the gastrointestinal tract and kidney. The most common causes of deficiency are gastrointestinal disorders, renal disorders, endocrine and metabolic disorders, and drugs magnesium regulates the excitability of nerve and muscle membranes, so the clinical manifestations from hypomagnesemia are characterized by neuromuscular hyperexcitability in the form of latent tetany or spontaneous carpo-podal spasms.

Source: Mediserve‘s Medical Emergencies in Pediatrics.

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