ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Foreign body (in the digestive tract)

It’s very easy for a child to ingest a foreign body. The symptoms are sometimes asymptomatic and the body is easily excreted. Other times it may cause dysphagia, anorexia, anxious

Heavy metals and metalloids: iron

Metallic iron does not give toxicity problems, although there are people with congenital defects in matabolism, for whom it behaves like a poison. Iron salts are pharmaceuticals for the treatment

Closed head trauma

In the case of closed head injury, loss of consciousness may not be immediate; in fact, several minutes may elapse between the time of injury and the appearance of neurological

Arsenic Poisoning

Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or

Arsina: what to do?

Arsine is a gas that is handled in its pure state in industry or is unexpectedly released from other metals when they come into contact with nascent hydrogen. Arsine has

Types of poisoning: chloralose

Chloralose is a derivative of chloral hydrate. The portion of the latter that is released into the body is rapidly metabolized to trichloroethyl alcohol. This substance is a central nervous

The cardiovascular system during poisonings

Poisoning can also cause cardiovascular collapse; in fact, antidepressant drugs can trigger cardiac arrhythmias, consequently altering cardiac output. It is necessary, therefore, to measure blood pressure and heart rate at

Exposure to chemicals

A corrosive substance can damage tissue within minutes, so it is very important to remove it quickly. What to do? First, immediately call for an ambulance. If the chemical remains

Ingestion of poisonous substances

Free picture (Poison) from https://torange.biz/poison-18808

Ingested poisons normally stay in the stomach for a short time. Absorption occurs after the poison has passed through the small intestine. A poisonous substance does more damage to the intestines than to the gastric system. Symptoms include abdominal pain and cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, burns, drowsiness, and loss of consciousness.

What to do?

  1. In the event that you have ingested poisonous substances you need to acquire key information about the victim. If a corrosive or caustic substance has been swallowed, drink water or milk immediately. If the victim is unconscious, check vital signs and call an ambulance.
  2. Call the poison center. Through their advice it is often possible to solve poisoning problems without hospitalization of the patient.
  3. Place the patient on the left side to delay gastric emptying in the small intestine where the poison is absorbed faster.
  4. Try not to induce vomiting unless advised by a poison control center. Do not use salt water, raw eggs or mustard and do not induce vomiting.
  5. Bring any container of poison to the hospital along with the patient.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Lactose intolerance

People with lactose intolerance are unable to fully digest the sugar in milk. The condition, which is also called lactose malabsorption, is usually harmless, but its symptoms can be uncomfortable.

Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is inflammation in the pancreas, the long, flat gland located transversely at the top and back of the abdominal cavity. The pancreas produces enzymes that aid digestion and hormones

Abdominal hernia

An abdominal hernia occurs when a viscera or part of a viscera leaks out of the abdominal cavity where it is contained, due to the weakening of one of the

Inguinal hernia

A hernia is the leakage of a viscera from the cavity that normally contains it, through an anatomical orifice or channel. In inguinal hernia, the pedicle exits the abdomen through

Celiac disease

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that can occur in genetically predisposed people in whom the ingestion of gluten results in damage to the small intestine. It is estimated to

Hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach bulges through the diaphragm, the large muscle that separates the abdomen and chest. The diaphragm has a small opening (hiatus)

Anal fissures

Anal fissures are small tears in the mucosa lining the anus; they can occur upon passage of hard or large stools during a bowel movement, usually cause pain and bleeding

Gastroesophageal reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) consists of a pronounced rise of some of the acidic contents of the stomach back up into the esophagus, promoted by a poor seal or increased

Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer begins when cancer cells form in the inner lining of the stomach and then grow uncontrollably. Gastric carcinoma is the most frequent malignant tumor of the stomach; it

Food allergies and intolerances

Physical reactions to certain foods are common, but for the most part they are caused by afood intolerance rather than a food allergy. A food intolerance can cause some of
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