ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Types of poisoning: chlorates

Sodium and potassium chlorates are still used today to clean the soil of all vegetation. These substances in their dry state are strong oxidizing agents and present a high risk

Foreign body (in the digestive tract)

It’s very easy for a child to ingest a foreign body. The symptoms are sometimes asymptomatic and the body is easily excreted. Other times it may cause dysphagia, anorexia, anxious

Bronchial asthma in children

Asthma bronchial is due to mucosal edema and stagnation of sputum. To evaluate the severity of asthma it is necessary to reconstruct the patient’s life through previous hospitalizations, feeding and

Muscle injuries

A muscle tear occurs when the muscle is forced beyond its range of motility. RICE procedures must be used. Cramps are spasms uncontrolled muscles, causing pain and loss of

Chlorinated hydrocarbons: what are they?

In this group of chemical compounds we find carbon tetrachloride. Similar to the latter there is chloroform and other derivatives that have replaced it. In addition to the narcotic features

Types of poisoning: fluoroacetates

Fluoroacetates are powerful poisons and their use is limited to special conditions, such as aboard ships or in sewers. Fluroacetates block the tricarboxylic acid cycle of carbohydrate metabolism. Their toxic

Methods of poisoning: barbiturates

Today, compared with years past, barbiturate poisoning has greatly decreased, as they are no longer prescribable as before. Short- and medium-acting barbiturates are more toxic than long-acting ones. The mode

Hyperventilation: what to do?

Hyperventilation is when breathing is faster and deeper than usual as a result of emotional stress or anxiety. Symptoms of hyperventilation include fast and deep breathing, dizziness, chest pain, sweating,

Suction of a foreign body

This is an event Very common in pediatric age. It is manifested by coughing and reduced vesicular murmur. The medical history is usually indicative, along with the picture that can

Ingestion of poisonous substances

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Ingested poisons normally stay in the stomach for a short time. Absorption occurs after the poison has passed through the small intestine. A poisonous substance does more damage to the intestines than to the gastric system. Symptoms include abdominal pain and cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, burns, drowsiness, and loss of consciousness.

What to do?

  1. In the event that you have ingested poisonous substances you need to acquire key information about the victim. If a corrosive or caustic substance has been swallowed, drink water or milk immediately. If the victim is unconscious, check vital signs and call an ambulance.
  2. Call the poison center. Through their advice it is often possible to solve poisoning problems without hospitalization of the patient.
  3. Place the patient on the left side to delay gastric emptying in the small intestine where the poison is absorbed faster.
  4. Try not to induce vomiting unless advised by a poison control center. Do not use salt water, raw eggs or mustard and do not induce vomiting.
  5. Bring any container of poison to the hospital along with the patient.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.

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