ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Types of poisoning: chloralose

Chloralose is a derivative of chloral hydrate. The portion of the latter that is released into the body is rapidly metabolized to trichloroethyl alcohol. This substance is a central nervous

Carbamate insecticides: what are they?

Carbamate insecticides are being used more and more often as commercial pesticides. The pharmacological action is similar to that of the organophosphorus compounds, with the difference that binding to cholinesterases

What is diabetic ketoacidosis?

The diabetic ketoacidosis can cause symptoms ranging from simple asthenia to an obnubilation of consciousness to the point of coma. It is possible that the victim also has abdominal pain,

What is melena?

When we talk about melena, we refer to the presence of blood in the stool. Bleeding is typically located in the upper part of the ‘digestive tract above the ileocecal

What to do in case of lead poisoning?

Lead abounds in nature as it is distributed over the earth by reaching the environment for extraction from natural deposits. Lead enters metabolism and interferes with normal heme synthesis. It

Coma: what to do?

The Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced o absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of function vegetative. Four levels of coma are distinguished:

Types of poisoning: phosphine

Phosphine is highly toxic. Therefore, to safeguard those who are forced to use it, they are preparations were made that generate the gas on the ground. Phosphine, a when inhaled,

Main types of poisoning: opiates

morfina

Opiates are considered opium, morphine, pethidine, diamorphine, methadone, pentazocine, and dextropropoxyphene. These are able to sedate pain and result in drug dependence. Their production and sale are under strict control of the law. Overdose can be due to therapeutic excess, voluntary or negligent self-administration. In addition to the analgesic effect, these drugs have the ability to depress the entire central nervous system. The triad formed by coma, respiratory depression, and point myosis is diagnosed and often associated with cyanosis. Usually skeletal muscles are flaccid, and cardiovascular collapse is not severe.

Diagnosis and treatment

Circumstances usually lead to the diagnosis, and the sign of a recent injection is an important clue to look for in any case. Treatment is a true urgency and should never be postponed. To combat coma and respiratory depression, a specific antidote must be administered. Within a few minutes there is an improvement in breathing. In case there is no improvement one must opt for a different cause than opiate poisoning.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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