ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Types of poisoning: chlorates

Sodium and potassium chlorates are still used today to clean the soil of all vegetation. These substances in their dry state are strong oxidizing agents and present a high risk

Drowning: what is the treatment to take?

When we talk about drowning we are talking about a diagnosis of death, so it would be more correct to talk about “semi-drowning,” by which we denote the condition of

Ingestion of poisonous substances

Ingested poisons normally stay in the stomach for a short time. Absorption occurs after the poison has passed through the small intestine. A poisonous substance does more damage to the

Suction of a foreign body

This is an event Very common in pediatric age. It is manifested by coughing and reduced vesicular murmur. The medical history is usually indicative, along with the picture that can

Epileptic seizure: what to do?

The seizures are self-limiting and very often do not allow a rapid intervention. It is necessary, therefore, to keep some pointers in mind: Preventing lessons that the patient might unintentionally

Paracetamol: what to do?

In some countries, paracetamol is sold in quantities greater than aspirin. Most people, they do not know the differences between the two substances. For this reason, poisoning by paracetamol in

Muscle injuries

A muscle tear occurs when the muscle is forced beyond its range of motility. RICE procedures must be used. Cramps are spasms uncontrolled muscles, causing pain and loss of

Arsenic Poisoning

Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or

Carbamate insecticides: what are they?

Carbamate insecticides are being used more and more often as commercial pesticides. The pharmacological action is similar to that of the organophosphorus compounds, with the difference that binding to cholinesterases

What is hypothermia?

ipotermia

Hypothermia could be a potentially fatal emergency. It develops at temperatures above freezing but also below. There are two types of hypothermia: the mild form and the severe form. In the former case, the patient tends to pronounce words in a confused manner, has memory lapses and chills. Many people also experience a cold feeling in their hands and full. In the second case, the chills disappear, the muscles may be numb and stiff, and the skin turns a bluish color. The victim appears to be dead.

What to do?

  1. In case of hypothermia place the patient in horizontal position and immediately call for an ambulance.
  2. Meanwhile. remove the victim in the cold environment, looking for a heat source. Isolate thermally the victim and replace wet clothes with dry ones. One of the basic things to do is to cover the victim’s head, in that 50 percent of body heat loss occurs through the head.

If you are in a distant place and the arrival of the ambulance is delayed, in case of mild hypothermia, soak the patient’s body in hot water or make boiling compresses, without burning the victim. Another method is to lie next to the hypothermic person in a sleeping bag. In severe or profound hypothermia, it is necessary to control vital parameters and provide as much heat as possible. Heating in an isolated location is very difficult, so it is necessary to transport the victim by helicopter.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.

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