ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Types of poisoning: chloralose

Chloralose is a derivative of chloral hydrate. The portion of the latter that is released into the body is rapidly metabolized to trichloroethyl alcohol. This substance is a central nervous

Mercury Poisoning

Mercury when ingested has no effect in the body. The tiny droplets of mercury react with hydrochloric acid in the stomach to form chloride. Instead, when mercury comes into contact

Hymenoptera venom allergy

Allergy due to the components of the venom contained in the sting of hymenoptera can cause extensive local reactions or systemic reactions. As for the extensive local reactions edema appears

Forced diuresis during poisoning

Once a toxic agent has distributed into the tissues and organs of the patient, the harmful action will continue to persist until an antidote to it Will neutralize. Obviously,

Types of poisoning: chlorates

Sodium and potassium chlorates are still used today to clean the soil of all vegetation. These substances in their dry state are strong oxidizing agents and present a high risk

Poisoning by anticoaugulants

Anticoagulants are based on warfarin and related substances. The material found commercially is ready to be diluted, so that the content of baits prepared to keep rodent populations down is

Complications in bipolar disorder

From the clinical point of view, it should be mentioned that sometimes bipolar disorder may be accompanied by some pre-existing conditions that may aggravate an already quite serious condition, with more intense symptoms, for which the applied therapy may yield results of lesser effectiveness. But which ones are the most present?

Gastric lavage in case of poisoning

To perform gastric lavage, it is important to keep a few points in mind: Be sure that you have ingested a dangerous dose of a toxic substance That the ingestion

Foreign body (in the digestive tract)

It’s very easy for a child to ingest a foreign body. The symptoms are sometimes asymptomatic and the body is easily excreted. Other times it may cause dysphagia, anorexia, anxious

Methods of poisoning: antidepressant drugs

Depressione maggiore

Today patients with antidepressant drug overdose. represent a large portion. The pharmacological properties of the antidepressants are multiple and include interference with release of adrenaline at the level of brain neuromas, a reduction in the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system and a picture of cardiac disturbances.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms of poisoning are: numbness, dryness of the jaws, dilated pupils, tachycardia, and heightened tendon reflexes. Subsequently, sudden cardiac arrest is possible.

Diagnosis and treatment

If the patient suffers from depression and has been prescribed antidepressant medication, the diagnosis can be made with some confidence. Many patients take mild overdoses of antidepressant drugs and survive with just assistance. In cases of large overdoses, high mortality is possible. It is necessary that the patient’s stomach be emptied with induction of vomiting or gastric lavage. In the meantime, normal supportive measures should be undertaken, with special attention to breathing. In case convulsions occur, it is important to administer 5-10 mg of Diazepam intravenously. If cardiac arrhythmias persist, antiarrhythmic drugs should be used.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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