ARTICOLI CORRELATI

The family and the patient with bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder not only disrupts the patient's life but also makes the lives of those around him difficult and sometimes painful. People affected by this disorder often have difficulty acknowledging their mental state to themselves.

Metals and metalloids: thallium

Although thallium comes used in industry does not appear to create employment risks. The action of the thallium at the biochemical level is not yet known and all we can

Main types of poisoning: salicylates

The most common type of poisoning is from aspirin, a drug that contains acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin tablets are very popular among adults intent on poisoning. In the body, salicylates exert

Resuscitation

IThe moment a motionless person is seen, it is necessary to test the person ‘s sensitivity by shaking the body slightly and giving small blows. Immediately afterwards, it is important

What is hypothermia?

Hypothermia could be a potentially fatal emergency. It develops at temperatures above freezing but also below. There are two types of hypothermia: the mild form and the severe form. In

Electrocution: what to do

In electrocution , the greatest damage is visible inside the body, even though the burn may appear small and superficial. What to do? Make sure the place is safe, unplug

Anuria and oliguria: what to do?

The anuria Is the failure of the kidney to produce urine. Oliguria, on the other hand, is the production of insufficient amount of urine to maintain homeostasis. Le causes may

Injury of the fingers and toes

FRACTURE/LUXATION For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and

Caustic ingestions

Caustics are the substances capable of damaging the digestive system. Symptoms present during caustic ingestion include crying, dysphagia, vomiting, chest pain, laryngeal stridor, profuse sialorrhea, possible respiratory distress. Caustics can

Emergency measures during a poisoning.

terapia-intensiva

“Dum spiro spero” may be a simple aphorism, but it sets a high bar for the treatment of the poisoned patient, as any deficit in the patient’s oxygenation can impair his or her recovery.

If there is no airway obstruction and the skin and mucous membrane color is good, then there is no reason to intervene. Usually, however, the patient should be placed in an appropriate position without external impediments to breathing and kept under observation. At the point when a respiratory deficit is evident, it is necessary to be sure of airway patency by removing any dentures. If the patient, on the other hand, is comatose, it is best to introduce an endotracheal cannula with an appropriately sized inflatable balloon. If it has secretions they should be aspirated.

Intensive care

A patient, if dyspnoic should be admitted to the hospital and undergo intensive care. The aim is not only to restore adequate oxygenation, but also able to provide for broncho-pulmonary complications that can quickly set in. In the comatose subject, the value of the inflatable balloon endotracheal tube has been emphasized; it is important to take care to prevent the tube from descending into the right main bronchus, giving rise to a pneumothorax in one side and lung collapse in the other. Inhaled air should be humidified and if there is hypothermia, warmed as well. Respiratory complications can be a threat to the ICU patient’s recovery, so efforts must be made to prevent them.

Source: Roy Goulding’s Vademecum of Poisoning Therapy.

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