ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Shock in children

Shock is the condition in which the circulatory supply is Insufficient to meet the body’s metabolic needs. Tissue hypoperfusion can be realized through three mechanisms: the reduction of global blood

Muscle injuries

A muscle tear occurs when the muscle is forced beyond its range of motility. RICE procedures must be used. Cramps are spasms uncontrolled muscles, causing pain and loss of

Hypoglottic laryngitis

It is an infection of the subglottic tissue with edema caused by a virus. Hypoglottic laryngitis occurs mainly in children under three years of age, with sudden onset after previous

Exposure to chemicals

A corrosive substance can damage tissue within minutes, so it is very important to remove it quickly. What to do? First, immediately call for an ambulance. If the chemical remains

Epileptic seizure: what to do?

The seizures are self-limiting and very often do not allow a rapid intervention. It is necessary, therefore, to keep some pointers in mind: Preventing lessons that the patient might unintentionally

The toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a particularly risky type of shock caused by toxins produced by bacteria (staphylococcus or streptococcus).

Ticks: how to get rid of them

A tick can remain in the skin for days without the victim being aware of it, as its bite is painless. Many bites are harmless, but some

Poisoning by anticoaugulants

Anticoagulants are based on warfarin and related substances. The material found commercially is ready to be diluted, so that the content of baits prepared to keep rodent populations down is

Arsenic Poisoning

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Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or as medicines. Chronic poisoning often results from oral or percutaneous absorption. In tissues, arsenic binds to sulfhydryl enzyme systems. Acute arsenic poisoning, on the other hand, usually occurs from ingestion of arsenic trioxide. A bitter taste may be experienced, but for the next two hours nothing may happen until vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain appear.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis of acute arsenic poisoning cannot wait for laboratory answers, but as for chronic poisoning, the most suitable samples for diagnosis are nail fragments or hair taken with the entire root. Regarding treatment, resuscitative and supportive therapy is required. Hydro-electrolyte depletion must be corrected as soon as possible representing the cornerstone of effective therapy. Dimercaprol also appears to be effective in the same way.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a fairly common inflammation of the liver in all countries of the world, brought about by infection with Hepatitis B virus (HBV), which is the second leading

Barrett’s Esophagus

Barrett’s esophagus is a serious complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease. In Barrett’s esophagus, the normal tissue lining the esophagus-the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach-is transformed

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is the most common acute inflammation of the liver worldwide and is caused by the virus of the same name, which accidentally entered the body through contaminated food

Liver cancer

Several types of tumors can form in the liver. The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which begins in hepatocytes, the main type of liver cells. Other

Liver cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. The liver performs several necessary

Colon cancer

Colorectal carcinoma is the malignancy that most frequently affects the colon, rectum, and appendix. It is the third most common form of cancer in the world. It is characterized by

Appendicitis

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a tubular formation that is part of the large intestine, which in the past was not given a specific purpose; however, its role

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a defecation disorder characterized by increased emission of a daily amount of stool greater than 200 g with decreased stool consistency and increased frequency of bowel discharge. In

Esophagitis

Esophagitis is an acute or chronic inflammation that can damage the tissues of the esophagus, the stretch of the alimentary canal that connects the pharynx to the stomach. In mild

Dyspepsia

Dyspepsia means “difficult digestion” and is the medical term often used to refer to indigestion, which instead has a more general meaning and encompasses a multitude of different disorders of
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