ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Status of epileptic illness

When we speak of seizure sickness we refer to recurrent compulsive seizures without restoration of consciousness before the onset of a new seizure. In children, it is necessary to ensure

Can bipolar disorder be prevented?

Prevention with this disorder is not comparable to what is required for other clinical conditions, as it is a disorder of the mind that affects the mood sphere, but intervening in a timely manner at the first signs of mental illness is a definite advantage with respect to the future condition of the sick person, thus preventing the worsening of the illness.

Meningitis in children

Meningitis is one of the neurological diseases most commonly acquired during childhood. It is the infection of the meninges due to the penetration of pathogens into the subarachnoid space and

Closed head trauma

In the case of closed head injury, loss of consciousness may not be immediate; in fact, several minutes may elapse between the time of injury and the appearance of neurological

Methods of poisoning: barbiturates

Today, compared with years past, barbiturate poisoning has greatly decreased, as they are no longer prescribable as before. Short- and medium-acting barbiturates are more toxic than long-acting ones. The mode

Metals and metalloids: thallium

Although thallium comes used in industry does not appear to create employment risks. The action of the thallium at the biochemical level is not yet known and all we can

Main types of poisoning: opiates

Opiates are considered opium, morphine, pethidine, diamorphine, methadone, pentazocine, and dextropropoxyphene. These are able to sedate pain and result in drug dependence. Their production and sale are under strict control

Irritants, corrosives and caustics

There are plenty of chemicals on the market with irritating, corrosive and caustic characteristics to living tissue. Accidents can occur in both adults and children, who do not know the

Muscle injuries

A muscle tear occurs when the muscle is forced beyond its range of motility. RICE procedures must be used. Cramps are spasms uncontrolled muscles, causing pain and loss of

Ivy, mushrooms and other poisonous plants

funghi-velenosi

Ivy, oak and sumac plants cause an allergic reaction, and often resulting in a rash, in half of adults. A proportion of these individuals have a skin reaction, and only in 15-25% of cases is edema and eruption of blisters observed. Allergic people can come into contact with this plant through clothing, shoes, from contact with animal hair or through smoke from burning plants. There is no risk in touching the liquid contained in the vesicles. Symptoms include itching, erythema, edema, and blisters, depending on the form through which one is infected. Severity is certainly important, but so is the extent of the affected skin; in fact, the larger it is, the greater the need for medical treatment.

What to do?

  1. Those who know they are allergic and have come in contact with a poisonous plant should act immediately. Many victims do not realize the contact until many hours or even days later. The moment the itching and rash appears, use soap and water to clean the skin or apply alcohol. Rinse to remove solubilized material.
  2. For mild forms, 4 different methods can be used: tablets soaked in Burow’s solution, calamine or zinc oxide lotion, warm water mixed with two cups of colloidal vein flour, and baking soda paste.
  3. For mild-to-moderate forms, however, treat the skin as for the mild form. Apply cortisone ointment and for itching soak the affected area in warm water.
  4. For severe forms, use an oral corticosteroid or apply a corticosteroid ointment or cream and cover with a clear plastic sheet.

Mushrooms

In Italy, among the most poisonous substances are mushrooms. They cause long incubation syndromes and short incubation syndromes.

What to do?

  1. In case of phalloid syndrome, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain appear after a period of 6 to 20 hours. Treatment consists of gastrolusion with vegetable charcoal. This involves antibiotic therapy with forced diuresis.
  2. In case of anticholinergic syndrome, the symptoms are dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Later, delirium, hallucinations, coma, and respiratory depression appear. Therapy consists of gastrolusion treatment with activated charcoal, sedation, and fluid therapy.
  3. Tearing, miosis, rhinorrhea, broncho-spasm, vomiting, hypotension, tremors and paresthesias appear 2 hours after ingestion in the case of cholinergic syndrome. Treat the syndrome with gastroluxis.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.

SPECIALISTI IN EVIDENZA

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Warts

Warts are benign formations that can appear on the skin anywhere on the body as a result of infection by one of the viruses of the human papilloma family or

Peyronie’s or curved penis disease

Peyronie ‘s disease is a condition resulting from an abnormality of the penis due to fibrous scar tissue that appears on the penis changing its shape during erection, which becomes

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum and characterized by three successive stages of increasing severity (primary, secondary, and advanced syphilis), with slow and

Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is aninflammation of the mucosa lining the inner cavities of the nose (nasal mucosa).

Epithelioma

Epithelioma is a tumor due to abnormal growth of epithelium, which corresponds to the tissue that lines the surface of all hollow structures and organs in the human body (from

Furunculosis

Furunculosis is a dermatitis characterized by the presence of clusters of furuncles that tend to develop on the neck, buttocks, face and arms. It is generally due to skin infection

Genital herpes

Genital herpes is the most common sexually transmitted infectious disease characterized by ulceration in the population. It can affect both men and women (more often), is transmitted by direct contact

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis or “atopic eczema” is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, associated with pruritus, that typically begins in the early years of life, then persisting throughout the pediatric years and

Chickenpox

Chickenpox to date remains the most prevalent vaccine-preventable disease in our country. It is transmitted airborne, person-to-person, through Pflugge droplets or by direct contact with skin lesions of patients with

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin disease with unknown causes, characterized by the presence of skin patches that are lighter in color (or completely devoid of pigmentation) than the typical coloration of
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