ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Heavy metals and metalloids: iron

Metallic iron does not give toxicity problems, although there are people with congenital defects in matabolism, for whom it behaves like a poison. Iron salts are pharmaceuticals for the treatment

Types of poisoning: fluoroacetates

Fluoroacetates are powerful poisons and their use is limited to special conditions, such as aboard ships or in sewers. Fluroacetates block the tricarboxylic acid cycle of carbohydrate metabolism. Their toxic

Poisonings: clinical monitoring

Laboratory investigations date back more than 150 years, when analysis was first used. quantitative chemistry. The main purpose was to solve cases uncertain legal. The transition from the cautious and

Meningitis in children

Meningitis is one of the neurological diseases most commonly acquired during childhood. It is the infection of the meninges due to the penetration of pathogens into the subarachnoid space and

What is hypothermia?

Hypothermia could be a potentially fatal emergency. It develops at temperatures above freezing but also below. There are two types of hypothermia: the mild form and the severe form. In

Epileptic seizure: what to do?

The seizures are self-limiting and very often do not allow a rapid intervention. It is necessary, therefore, to keep some pointers in mind: Preventing lessons that the patient might unintentionally

Tooth/mouth injury

Biting of the lips and tongue What do? In the case of biting our lips or the tongue, apply direct pressure to the bleeding area with gauze sterile or with

How to manage the consequences of amputation

For amputation is defined as the complete removal of a body part. Surgical techniques can often reattach amputated parts so that normal or near-normal function is restored. What to do?

Cyanide poisoning and derivatives

Cyanide ranks first as a pesticide, but it is not the only way through which you can poison yourself. Organic cyanides are highly toxic if ingested. These salts can also

Bronchial asthma in children

Asthma bronchial is due to mucosal edema and stagnation of sputum. To evaluate the severity of asthma it is necessary to reconstruct the patient’s life through previous hospitalizations, feeding and

Hymenoptera venom allergy

toddler-1245674_1280

Allergy due to the components of the venom contained in the sting of hymenoptera can cause extensive local reactions or systemic reactions. As for the extensive local reactions edema appears at the injection site of the diameter greater than 10 cm, which can persist for 24 hours. As for the systemic reactions there are 4 degrees:

  • Grade 1: Hives, itching, malaise and anxiety.
  • Grade 2: 1st grade + angioedema, nausea, vomiting, chest tightness, diarrhea, pain abdominals and dizziness.
  • Grade 3: 1st and 2nd degree + two of the following symptoms: dyspnea, stridor, hissing, dysarthria, confusion, dysphagia and feeling of distress.
  • Grade 4°: 1°+2°+3°+ two of these symptoms: collapse, incontinence, loss of consciousness, cyanosis, and drop in blood pressure.

It is necessary to quickly remove the stinger using tweezers. Then evaluate whether ECG and blood gases are needed, but also skin tests for hymenoptera. As for treatment take antihistamines, corticosteroids, cold compresses, immobilization and elevation of the affected limb. In the case of mild forms, observation of vital parameters is recommended until symptoms improve for at least 12 hours. If severe forms observation for at least 24 hours.

Source: Mediserve‘s Medical Emergencies in Pediatrics.

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