ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Kawasaki syndrome and disease

Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

The toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a particularly risky type of shock caused by toxins produced by bacteria (staphylococcus or streptococcus).

Carbamate insecticides: what are they?

Carbamate insecticides are being used more and more often as commercial pesticides. The pharmacological action is similar to that of the organophosphorus compounds, with the difference that binding to cholinesterases

Resuscitation

IThe moment a motionless person is seen, it is necessary to test the person ‘s sensitivity by shaking the body slightly and giving small blows. Immediately afterwards, it is important

Meningitis in children

Meningitis is one of the neurological diseases most commonly acquired during childhood. It is the infection of the meninges due to the penetration of pathogens into the subarachnoid space and

Poison elimination

Logic would have it that in the case of coming into contact with poisons, one should remove from the body any toxic substance that has entered it, but clinical observations

Ingestion of poisonous substances

Ingested poisons normally stay in the stomach for a short time. Absorption occurs after the poison has passed through the small intestine. A poisonous substance does more damage to the

Epileptic seizure: what to do?

The seizures are self-limiting and very often do not allow a rapid intervention. It is necessary, therefore, to keep some pointers in mind: Preventing lessons that the patient might unintentionally

Shock in children

Shock is the condition in which the circulatory supply is Insufficient to meet the body’s metabolic needs. Tissue hypoperfusion can be realized through three mechanisms: the reduction of global blood

Heavy metals and metalloids: iron

ferro

Metallic iron does not give toxicity problems, although there are people with congenital defects in matabolism, for whom it behaves like a poison. Iron salts are pharmaceuticals for the treatment of anemia, and in case of overdose they can be very dangerous. Taken orally, iron salts are irritating to the gastrointestinal tract. The main symptoms are vomiting, epigastric pain, and diarrhea. Later, pulmonary edema, metabolic acidosis, and renal failure may appear.

Diagnosis and treatments

Aside from signs and history, a serum iron level above 8 mg in an adult and 5 mg in a child depicts dangerous poisoning. After determining that it is iron poisoning, gastric lavage is necessary. At the same time, vigorous resuscitative treatment should be started, taking care to restore hydroelectrolyte balance. In the case of renal failure, peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis should be undertaken.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

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Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a fairly common inflammation of the liver in all countries of the world, brought about by infection with Hepatitis B virus (HBV), which is the second leading

Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. It causes inflammation of the digestive tract and, in different people, may involve different areas of the digestive tract. The inflammation caused

Gastritis

Gastritis is a general term and refers to different conditions that nevertheless have one common element: inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Often, this inflammation is the result of infection by

Esophagitis

Esophagitis is an acute or chronic inflammation that can damage the tissues of the esophagus, the stretch of the alimentary canal that connects the pharynx to the stomach. In mild

Liver cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. The liver performs several necessary

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is an uncommon inflammation of the liver in Western countries, brought about by 4 possible variants of the Hepatitis E virus (HEV) that accidentally entered the body through

Gastroesophageal reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) consists of a pronounced rise of some of the acidic contents of the stomach back up into the esophagus, promoted by a poor seal or increased

Constipation

IConstipation is a condition of the digestive system in which an individual produces stool that is difficult to expel. In most cases, this occurs because the colon has absorbed too

Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder wall. The inflammatory process, once initiated, generates changes at both microscopic and macroscopic levels, evolving from simple congestion, through a suppuration phase, to
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