ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Resuscitation

IThe moment a motionless person is seen, it is necessary to test the person ‘s sensitivity by shaking the body slightly and giving small blows. Immediately afterwards, it is important

Thyrotoxicosis

It is an acute metabolic decompensation, caused by hyperincretion of circulating thyroid hormones. Symptoms include: hyperthermia, atrial fibrillation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, psychomotor agitation, delirium, coma. In case of hyperthermia, it

Types of poisoning: chloralose

Chloralose is a derivative of chloral hydrate. The portion of the latter that is released into the body is rapidly metabolized to trichloroethyl alcohol. This substance is a central nervous

Types of poisoning: chlorates

Sodium and potassium chlorates are still used today to clean the soil of all vegetation. These substances in their dry state are strong oxidizing agents and present a high risk

Main types of poisoning: opiates

Opiates are considered opium, morphine, pethidine, diamorphine, methadone, pentazocine, and dextropropoxyphene. These are able to sedate pain and result in drug dependence. Their production and sale are under strict control

Carbamate insecticides: what are they?

Carbamate insecticides are being used more and more often as commercial pesticides. The pharmacological action is similar to that of the organophosphorus compounds, with the difference that binding to cholinesterases

Shock in children

Shock is the condition in which the circulatory supply is Insufficient to meet the body’s metabolic needs. Tissue hypoperfusion can be realized through three mechanisms: the reduction of global blood

Closed head trauma

In the case of closed head injury, loss of consciousness may not be immediate; in fact, several minutes may elapse between the time of injury and the appearance of neurological

Ingestion of poisonous substances

Ingested poisons normally stay in the stomach for a short time. Absorption occurs after the poison has passed through the small intestine. A poisonous substance does more damage to the

Main types of poisoning: salicylates

aspirina

The most common type of poisoning is from aspirin, a drug that contains acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin tablets are very popular among adults intent on poisoning. In the body, salicylates exert complex actions on the breath centers, electrolyte balance, metabolism and stimulation of certain brain structures.

Signs and symptoms

With an overdose during therapy, the toxic effects tend to occur slowly. Even if the patient remains vigilant complains deafness, blurred vision, ataxia and also often shows tremor and irritability. Subsequently, the patient enters hyperventilation and the dehydration can be a sequela.

Diagnosis and treatment

The presence of a very nuanced symptomatology should not reassure, as in a short time it is possible for a serious deterioration of the condition to occur, especially in children. Once the diagnosis is clear, it is important that any kind of imbalance be corrected. An attempt can, therefore, be made to empty the stomach: with children, induction of vomiting can be used, while in adults, gastric lavage is best. It is also necessary to monitor the lungs to prevent the onset of pulmonary edema. Should renal failure occur, hemodialysis is mandatory.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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