ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Poisoning: general treatment measures

Apparatus urinary There is no good reason to stimulate profuse diuresis or to use diuretics, while treating the poisoned patient. Heavy metals are capable of damaging the kidneys , and

Main types of poisoning: salicylates

The most common type of poisoning is from aspirin, a drug that contains acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin tablets are very popular among adults intent on poisoning. In the body, salicylates exert

The family and the patient with bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder not only disrupts the patient's life but also makes the lives of those around him difficult and sometimes painful. People affected by this disorder often have difficulty acknowledging their mental state to themselves.

Heavy metals and metalloids: iron

Metallic iron does not give toxicity problems, although there are people with congenital defects in matabolism, for whom it behaves like a poison. Iron salts are pharmaceuticals for the treatment

Methods of poisoning: barbiturates

Today, compared with years past, barbiturate poisoning has greatly decreased, as they are no longer prescribable as before. Short- and medium-acting barbiturates are more toxic than long-acting ones. The mode

Anaphylactic shock

Anaphylactic shock is the acute allergic reaction to exposure to allergens to which the patient had become sensitized, leading to The rapid release of mediators from mast cells and basophils.

The toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a particularly risky type of shock caused by toxins produced by bacteria (staphylococcus or streptococcus).

Heavy metals: lithium

Lithium is a metal that is quite widely used in industry. Lithium carbonate is prescribed for the treatment of manic-depressive psychosis. The action that lithium plays at the molecular level

Muscle injuries

A muscle tear occurs when the muscle is forced beyond its range of motility. RICE procedures must be used. Cramps are spasms uncontrolled muscles, causing pain and loss of

Caustic ingestions

ingestione-caustici

Caustics are the substances capable of damaging the digestive system.

Symptoms present during caustic ingestion include crying, dysphagia, vomiting, chest pain, laryngeal stridor, profuse sialorrhea, possible respiratory distress. Caustics can give at the tissue level colliquative necrosis and caustication with high risk of perforation and tissue penetration. They can result in skin and eye injuries, oropharyngeal burns, esophageal injuries and intestinal perforations.

It is essential to assess airway patency and in case of respiratory distress to proceed with assisted ventilation and oxygen. It is important not to induce vomiting and to perform gastric emptying or charcoal administration. The laboratory tests to be performed are CBC, blood glucose, azotemia, electrolytes, blood gas analysis, PTT, PLT, CPH, lateral neck Rx, chest Rx, cline direct abdomen Rx, diagnostic endoscopy.

Source: Mediserve‘s Medical Emergencies in Pediatrics.

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Hiatal hernia

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Gastritis

Gastritis is a general term and refers to different conditions that nevertheless have one common element: inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Often, this inflammation is the result of infection by

Intestinal polyposis

Polyps are abnormal growths of tissue protruding to a mucous tonaca; they are pathological growths that, in the intestines, form especially in the colon and rectum. For the most part,

Gastroesophageal reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) consists of a pronounced rise of some of the acidic contents of the stomach back up into the esophagus, promoted by a poor seal or increased
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