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Main types of poisoning: ethylene glycol

Ethylene glycol can be considered an alcohol polyhydroxylated. It appears to be low in toxicity but with the intake of other medication could cause death. A dose of 100 ml

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Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

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It is an infection of the subglottic tissue with edema caused by a virus. Hypoglottic laryngitis occurs mainly in children under three years of age, with sudden onset after previous

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Lithium is a metal that is quite widely used in industry. Lithium carbonate is prescribed for the treatment of manic-depressive psychosis. The action that lithium plays at the molecular level

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Cyanide ranks first as a pesticide, but it is not the only way through which you can poison yourself. Organic cyanides are highly toxic if ingested. These salts can also

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Caustics are the substances capable of damaging the digestive system. Symptoms present during caustic ingestion include crying, dysphagia, vomiting, chest pain, laryngeal stridor, profuse sialorrhea, possible respiratory distress. Caustics can

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Children between 6 months and 3 years of age often get find themselves struggling with a foreign body in the respiratory tract. Symptoms are spasmodic coughing and sudden stridor in

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A tick can remain in the skin for days without the victim being aware of it, as its bite is painless. Many bites are harmless, but some

Gastric lavage in case of poisoning

lavanda-gastrica

To perform gastric lavage, it is important to keep a few points in mind:

  • Be sure that you have ingested a dangerous dose of a toxic substance
  • That the ingestion Of the substance has been carried out for no more than 4-6 hours
  • That the patient does not vomited

The procedure to be performed is as follows:

  1. Place a balloon endotracheal catheter to protect bronchi and lungs in the comatose patient;
  2. Place the patient on the left side with the head on the bank or end of the lett
  3. The pipe used must be of appropriate diameter
  4. With the help of a Dakin syringe, aspirate the stomach contents. Administer, then, 300 cc of heated water, and perform other washes, each of 300-600 cc of water, until the aspirated liquid is clear. Tap water or specific preparations such as iron salts, opium, household bleach, axalic acid, oral cyanide can be used as the washing liquid.

Source: Roy Goulding’s Vademecum of Poisoning Therapy.

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