ARTICOLI CORRELATI

How to manage the consequences of amputation

For amputation is defined as the complete removal of a body part. Surgical techniques can often reattach amputated parts so that normal or near-normal function is restored. What to do?

What to do when you go into a coma

Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced or absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of vegetative functions. Four levels of coma are distinguished: awake

Injury of the fingers and toes

FRACTURE/LUXATION For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and

Foreign body (in the digestive tract)

It’s very easy for a child to ingest a foreign body. The symptoms are sometimes asymptomatic and the body is easily excreted. Other times it may cause dysphagia, anorexia, anxious

Chlorinated hydrocarbons: what are they?

In this group of chemical compounds we find carbon tetrachloride. Similar to the latter there is chloroform and other derivatives that have replaced it. In addition to the narcotic features

Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

Coagulopathy is related to different clinical pictures, involving the activation of the process of coagulation resulting in thrombus deposition in the microcircle and consumption of coagulation factors and platelets.

The cardiovascular system during poisonings

Poisoning can also cause cardiovascular collapse; in fact, antidepressant drugs can trigger cardiac arrhythmias, consequently altering cardiac output. It is necessary, therefore, to measure blood pressure and heart rate at

Poisonings: dinitro-compounds

These compounds are used in orchards as a “winter wash” and as a herbicides in summer. From a toxicological point of view, their action biochemistry is common to all compounds.

The family and the patient with bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder not only disrupts the patient's life but also makes the lives of those around him difficult and sometimes painful. People affected by this disorder often have difficulty acknowledging their mental state to themselves.

Electrocution: what to do

In electrocution , the greatest damage is visible inside the body, even though the burn may appear small and superficial. What to do? Make sure the place is safe, unplug

Mercury Poisoning

mercurio

Mercury when ingested has no effect in the body. The tiny droplets of mercury react with hydrochloric acid in the stomach to form chloride. Instead, when mercury comes into contact with the skin it is absorbed percutaneously, giving rise to the clinical picture known as hydrargyrism. From a biochemical point of view, mercury appears to have an affinity for sulfhydryl binding and is therefore capable of altering cellular metabolism. When mercury salts are ingested, the first symptoms are burning at the oral cavity, followed by constrictive-type pain retrosternally, with vomiting and diarrhea. If, on the other hand, mercury vapors are inhaled, a dry, hacking cough with dyspnea, pyrexia, and muscle aches appears after a few hours.

Diagnosis and treatment

The clinical picture, combined with the medical history, is almost always sufficient to make a diagnosis. Acute metal salt poisoning requires resuscitative treatment with hemodialysis. With metallic mercury the acute symptoms respond to symptomatic type measures so if there are signs of chronic poisoning dimercaprol therapy can be undertaken as with arsenic and with the same precautions.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Milky crust

Milk scab, technically referred to as “neonatal seborrheic dermatitis” or pityriasis capitis, is a transient and essentially harmless dermatologic disorder that affects the scalp of many infants and infants.

Acne

The term acne is derived from the Greek word acmé or acné, meaning foam or summit, and denotes a skin disease that is widespread in the young population, characterized by

Food allergies and intolerances

Physical reactions to certain foods are common, but for the most part they are caused by afood intolerance rather than a food allergy. A food intolerance can cause some of

Bullous epidermolysis

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) corresponds to a group of rare and disabling genetic diseases characterized by the appearance of blisters and lesions on the skin and in the inner mucous membranes,

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis or “atopic eczema” is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, associated with pruritus, that typically begins in the early years of life, then persisting throughout the pediatric years and

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by the appearance of characteristic thickened, flaky, inflamed patches on well-defined, more or less extensive skin areas. The disease affects 0.1-3.0% of the

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin disease with unknown causes, characterized by the presence of skin patches that are lighter in color (or completely devoid of pigmentation) than the typical coloration of

Furunculosis

Furunculosis is a dermatitis characterized by the presence of clusters of furuncles that tend to develop on the neck, buttocks, face and arms. It is generally due to skin infection

Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is aninflammation of the mucosa lining the inner cavities of the nose (nasal mucosa).

Melanoma

1/6 – Melanoma Melanoma is a malignant tumor that originates from melanocytes, cells that contain the pigment, called melanin, responsible for skin coloration. It can develop in the skin all
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