ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Caustic ingestions

Caustics are the substances capable of damaging the digestive system. Symptoms present during caustic ingestion include crying, dysphagia, vomiting, chest pain, laryngeal stridor, profuse sialorrhea, possible respiratory distress. Caustics can

Magnetic resonance imaging

MRI is a radiological method that is based on the physics of magnetic fields and allows us to visualize the inside of our bodies without performing surgery or administering ionizing

Main types of poisoning: salicylates

The most common type of poisoning is from aspirin, a drug that contains acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin tablets are very popular among adults intent on poisoning. In the body, salicylates exert

Urgent endoscopy in pediatrics

Digestive endoscopy with fiberoptic instruments is also considered a routine technique in the pediatric age group. The examination often needs to be performed urgently, within 24 to 48 hours of

Resuscitation

IThe moment a motionless person is seen, it is necessary to test the person ‘s sensitivity by shaking the body slightly and giving small blows. Immediately afterwards, it is important

What is hypothermia?

Hypothermia could be a potentially fatal emergency. It develops at temperatures above freezing but also below. There are two types of hypothermia: the mild form and the severe form. In

Emesis in case of poisoning

Despite the lavender gastric is undeniably useful, it has many features reminiscent of a barbarian assault, so it is best to avoid using this method with the young children. When

What to do in case of lead poisoning?

piombo

Lead abounds in nature as it is distributed over the earth by reaching the environment for extraction from natural deposits. Lead enters metabolism and interferes with normal heme synthesis. It also acts on the nervous system, both centrally and peripherally. True lead poisoning can only occur with certain types of salts of the metal, so toxicity is not strictly related to the metal, but to the behavior of the ingested substance.

This type of poisoning can set in very insidiously with the appearance of symptoms when the lead content in the body becomes excessive. The main symptoms are abdominal pain, nerve palsy, metallic taste, and constipation. If lead has been ingested in the intestines an X-ray may show opacities.

Diagnosis and treatment

Lead poisoning can be recognized through the symptoms described above. Additional tests include assay of amino-levulinic acid dehydrase activity in erythrocytes. Acute poisoning requires supportive treatment to balance dehydration and electrolyte loss. Chronic poisoning, on the other hand, requires specific chelation-type therapy when symptoms are evident and blood levels are above 100 mL in adults and children.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Influence

Seasonal influenza is an infectious disease of viral origin that is transmitted by the respiratory route through virus-laden vapor particles released into the air by infected individuals through breathing, coughing,

Coronavirus infection

Actually, Coronavirus belongs to a type of viruses that can cause various diseases from simple cold to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019,

Pleuritis

Pleurisy is a respiratory disease characterized by acute irritation and inflammation of the pleura, the two-layer membrane that surrounds the lungs and separates them from other organs and fluids in

Allergic asthma

Allergic asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways and, in particular, the bronchi, which are the channels that allow the passage of air to and from the lungs.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

According to the official definition, COPD is “a pathological condition of the respiratory system characterized by chronic and partially reversible airflow obstruction to which bronchial (chronic bronchitis), bronchiolar, (small airway

Colds

A cold is an acute respiratory infection of viral origin that primarily affects the nose and throat and may be accompanied by coughing. Once affected by the viruses, the nasal

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease characterized by acute inflammation of the alveoli and/or interstitial spaces of the lungs, induced by different causes that are not always easy to identify. Inflammation

Respiratory failure

A condition of “respiratory failure” is present when the respiratory system is unable to ensure efficient gas exchanges through the lungs, preventing the maintenance of an adequate balance between oxygen

Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is aninflammation of the mucosa lining the inner cavities of the nose (nasal mucosa).

Bronchial asthma

Bronchial asthma is a chronic respiratory disease brought about by persistent inflammation of the airways, particularly the bronchi, which generates hypersensitivity to a variety of stimuli that, when present, result
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