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Urgent endoscopy in pediatrics

Digestive endoscopy with fiberoptic instruments is also considered a routine technique in the pediatric age group. The examination often needs to be performed urgently, within 24 to 48 hours of

Coma: what to do?

The Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced o absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of function vegetative. Four levels of coma are distinguished:

Anuria and oliguria: what to do?

The anuria Is the failure of the kidney to produce urine. Oliguria, on the other hand, is the production of insufficient amount of urine to maintain homeostasis. Le causes may

Main types of poisoning: alcohol.

In the case of ethanol poisoning, the central effect is. strictly dose-dependent, with progression of brain structures more specialized. Methanol, on the other hand, exerts less depression on the system

Kawasaki syndrome and disease

Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

Pneumonia in children

Pneumonia is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pulmonary alveoli, which are fill with fluid that hinders respiratory function. The most Common are fever, vomiting and poor appetite, but

Poisonings: dinitro-compounds

These compounds are used in orchards as a “winter wash” and as a herbicides in summer. From a toxicological point of view, their action biochemistry is common to all compounds.

Poisonings: clinical monitoring

Laboratory investigations date back more than 150 years, when analysis was first used. quantitative chemistry. The main purpose was to solve cases uncertain legal. The transition from the cautious and

Heavy metals and metalloids: iron

Metallic iron does not give toxicity problems, although there are people with congenital defects in matabolism, for whom it behaves like a poison. Iron salts are pharmaceuticals for the treatment

Illnesses from exposure to high temperatures

colpo-di-calore

Heat stroke

Heat stroke is an emergency that endangers life; in fact, victims who are not treated immediately die. If death does not occur, the high body temperature will damage tissues and the organs of the organism. Every minute lost increases the possibility of serious complications.

Heat collapse

Heatstroke collapse is secondary to the profuse sweating and insufficient fluid intake, which should replace water and mineral salts, lost after a period in an environment very hot. There are differences between heat collapse and heat stroke. In the former case the temperature is normal, while in the latter case the temperature Is generally high. Furthermore, in heat collapse, the mental state is normal, but in heat stroke it is altered.

What to do?

  1. Bringing the patient In a cool place and undress it.
  2. Lifting the legs 15-20 centimeters.
  3. Give cold water With a teaspoon of salt or a drink containing electrolytes.
  4. Ventilate the patient and give sponge baths with cold water.
  5. If there is no improvement within 30 minutes seek medical attention.

IHeat cramps

When we talk about heat cramps, we mean spasms muscle, painful affecting the legs or abdominal muscles. The causes are still unknown, but they often occur after a few hours of intense physical activity and in individuals who have sweated a lot, losing many liquids.

What to do?

  1. Bringing the victim In a cool place.
  2. Stretching the muscle With cramps.
  3. Give some water cold to the patient, adding salt or a drink containing electrolytes.
  4. Trying to tighten the upper lip.

Other illnesses from exposure to high temperatures

Tropical lichen is an itchy rash that occurs on the skin sweat. It is treated by drying the skin and cooling it.

Heat edema is swelling of the hands, feet, or ankles. It is very common in people not used to hot places, but it resolves itself quietly with elastic stockings and leg lifts, which reduce the swelling.

Heat syncope is a fainting spell that occurs when standing too long in a hot environment. It is possible to treat syncope in the same way as fainting.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.

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