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Types of poisoning: chlorates

Sodium and potassium chlorates are still used today to clean the soil of all vegetation. These substances in their dry state are strong oxidizing agents and present a high risk

Bruises: what to do?

Contusions form when a blunt object strikes certain parts of the body, rupturing subcutaneous blood vessels. There is no discharge of blood, and usually the bruises are swollen and painful,

Injury of the fingers and toes

FRACTURE/LUXATION For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and

Cyanide poisoning and derivatives

Cyanide ranks first as a pesticide, but it is not the only way through which you can poison yourself. Organic cyanides are highly toxic if ingested. These salts can also

Foreign body (in the digestive tract)

It’s very easy for a child to ingest a foreign body. The symptoms are sometimes asymptomatic and the body is easily excreted. Other times it may cause dysphagia, anorexia, anxious

Coma: what to do?

The Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced o absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of function vegetative. Four levels of coma are distinguished:

Methods of poisoning: cardioactive glucosides

Overdose of these drugs is chronic and is almost always due to careless treatment. The reactions can be seen as an exaggerated expression of their pharmacological properties. Once toxic levels

Methods of poisoning: antidepressant drugs

Today patients with antidepressant drug overdose. represent a large portion. The pharmacological properties of the antidepressants are multiple and include interference with release of adrenaline at the level of brain

What is the intragastric balloon?

The intragastric balloon is inserted through endoscopic intervention into the stomach. It induces a partial filling of the stomach, causing the subject to feel full, which turns him or her

Illnesses from exposure to high temperatures

colpo-di-calore

Heat stroke

Heat stroke is an emergency that endangers life; in fact, victims who are not treated immediately die. If death does not occur, the high body temperature will damage tissues and the organs of the organism. Every minute lost increases the possibility of serious complications.

Heat collapse

Heatstroke collapse is secondary to the profuse sweating and insufficient fluid intake, which should replace water and mineral salts, lost after a period in an environment very hot. There are differences between heat collapse and heat stroke. In the former case the temperature is normal, while in the latter case the temperature Is generally high. Furthermore, in heat collapse, the mental state is normal, but in heat stroke it is altered.

What to do?

  1. Bringing the patient In a cool place and undress it.
  2. Lifting the legs 15-20 centimeters.
  3. Give cold water With a teaspoon of salt or a drink containing electrolytes.
  4. Ventilate the patient and give sponge baths with cold water.
  5. If there is no improvement within 30 minutes seek medical attention.

IHeat cramps

When we talk about heat cramps, we mean spasms muscle, painful affecting the legs or abdominal muscles. The causes are still unknown, but they often occur after a few hours of intense physical activity and in individuals who have sweated a lot, losing many liquids.

What to do?

  1. Bringing the victim In a cool place.
  2. Stretching the muscle With cramps.
  3. Give some water cold to the patient, adding salt or a drink containing electrolytes.
  4. Trying to tighten the upper lip.

Other illnesses from exposure to high temperatures

Tropical lichen is an itchy rash that occurs on the skin sweat. It is treated by drying the skin and cooling it.

Heat edema is swelling of the hands, feet, or ankles. It is very common in people not used to hot places, but it resolves itself quietly with elastic stockings and leg lifts, which reduce the swelling.

Heat syncope is a fainting spell that occurs when standing too long in a hot environment. It is possible to treat syncope in the same way as fainting.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.

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