ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Emergency measures during a poisoning.

“Dum spiro spero” may be a simple aphorism, but it sets a high bar for the treatment of the poisoned patient, as any deficit in the patient’s oxygenation can impair

Meningitis in children

Meningitis is one of the neurological diseases most commonly acquired during childhood. It is the infection of the meninges due to the penetration of pathogens into the subarachnoid space and

Hypoglottic laryngitis

It is an infection of the subglottic tissue with edema caused by a virus. Hypoglottic laryngitis occurs mainly in children under three years of age, with sudden onset after previous

Tetany: what to do?

Tetany is divided into: manifest, latent and alkalosic. Symptoms of manifest tetany include muscle aches and cramps, opisthotonos, paresthesias or stiffness in the hands and feet. Convulsions, laryngospasms, and carpo-podal

Chlorine-organic insecticides

Chlor-organic insecticides include aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, dicophane and lindane. Because they are substances that resist chemical degradation, they can persist in the environment, and as a result, it is mandatory

Poisonings: dinitro-compounds

These compounds are used in orchards as a “winter wash” and as a herbicides in summer. From a toxicological point of view, their action biochemistry is common to all compounds.

Hyperventilation: what to do?

Hyperventilation is when breathing is faster and deeper than usual as a result of emotional stress or anxiety. Symptoms of hyperventilation include fast and deep breathing, dizziness, chest pain, sweating,

Heavy metals and metalloids: iron

Metallic iron does not give toxicity problems, although there are people with congenital defects in matabolism, for whom it behaves like a poison. Iron salts are pharmaceuticals for the treatment

What is the intragastric balloon?

The intragastric balloon is inserted through endoscopic intervention into the stomach. It induces a partial filling of the stomach, causing the subject to feel full, which turns him or her

Poisoning by anticoaugulants

roditore

Anticoagulants are based on warfarin and related substances. The material found commercially is ready to be diluted, so that the content of baits prepared to keep rodent populations down is usually low. The animals that die are those that repeatedly eat the substance, reaching very low coagulation levels. If you do not ingest a large dose, it is difficult to be harmed; in fact, you need to swallow more than 1 kg of bait to take a big risk.

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis can be substantiated by the finding of a prolonged prothrombin time in the absence of organic pathology to justify it. Treatment is carried out by administering vitamin K1.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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