ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Resuscitation

IThe moment a motionless person is seen, it is necessary to test the person ‘s sensitivity by shaking the body slightly and giving small blows. Immediately afterwards, it is important

Closed head trauma

In the case of closed head injury, loss of consciousness may not be immediate; in fact, several minutes may elapse between the time of injury and the appearance of neurological

Injury of the fingers and toes

FRACTURE/LUXATION For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and

What is the intragastric balloon?

The intragastric balloon is inserted through endoscopic intervention into the stomach. It induces a partial filling of the stomach, causing the subject to feel full, which turns him or her

Poisoning by anticoaugulants

Anticoagulants are based on warfarin and related substances. The material found commercially is ready to be diluted, so that the content of baits prepared to keep rodent populations down is

Main types of poisoning: ethylene glycol

Ethylene glycol can be considered an alcohol polyhydroxylated. It appears to be low in toxicity but with the intake of other medication could cause death. A dose of 100 ml

The cardiovascular system during poisonings

Poisoning can also cause cardiovascular collapse; in fact, antidepressant drugs can trigger cardiac arrhythmias, consequently altering cardiac output. It is necessary, therefore, to measure blood pressure and heart rate at

Coma: what to do?

The Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced o absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of function vegetative. Four levels of coma are distinguished:

Arsenic Poisoning

Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or

Bronchial asthma in children

Asthma bronchial is due to mucosal edema and stagnation of sputum. To evaluate the severity of asthma it is necessary to reconstruct the patient’s life through previous hospitalizations, feeding and

Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

sangue

Coagulopathy is related to different clinical pictures, involving the activation of the process of coagulation resulting in thrombus deposition in the microcircle and consumption of coagulation factors and platelets.

The triggers are. bacterial sepsis, viral infections, trauma, burns, shock, injury cranial, tumors, hemangiomas, and intravascular hemolysis. The typical signs of coagulopathy are bleeding, thrombosis, and possible complications to the system gastroenteric. DIC-specific therapy may be necessary if the trigger is not controllable or if there is severe bleeding in progress. Yes based on the use of clotting factors, platelet concentrates or apheresis, concentrated hematins and heparin.

Some laboratory tests such as CBC, peripheral blood smear and coagulation tests should be followed.

Source: Mediserve‘s Medical Emergencies in Pediatrics.

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Obstructive sleep apnea

Repetitive episodes of upper airway obstruction may occur during sleep, often accompanied by reduced oxygen saturation. Such episodes are accompanied in almost all cases by snoring. Apneas often end with

Blow to the heart

A “heart murmur” is not in itself a pathology , but merely a signal that the blood inside the heart is flowing too fast or in a “disordered” manner, producing

Diseases of the heart valves

Heart valve diseases comprise a large group of structural alterations and dysfunctions, congenital or more often acquired, that prevent the valves that separate the different chambers of the heart (atria

Cellulite

Cellulite is an inflammatory-based alteration of the fat-rich subcutaneous tissue(panniculus adiposus), triggered by fluid stagnation due to poor venous and lymphatic circulation (lymph is a fluid that flows in channels

Cardiac arrhythmias

The group of cardiac arrhythmias includes all conditions characterized by an alteration in the rhythm of contraction of the heart, either in excess or in defect or associated with irregularities

Mitral valve repair

Repair of an insufficient/deteriorated mitral valve can be done: Removing the malfunctioning segments of the valve leaflets; implanting “synthetic cords” (which replace the broken or “stretched” natural ones of the

Peripheral arteriopathy obliterans

Peripheral arteriopathy obliterans is a vascular disease that affects the arteries, especially those in the legs, preventing the muscles and tissues from receiving adequate blood supply, resulting in symptoms of

Heart failure

Heart failure corresponds to a condition in which the heart is unable to receive and/or pump blood with sufficient force to the lungs and the rest of the body, due

Ablation of atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation surgery is a surgical procedure aimed at eliminating the source of the cardiac arrhythmia through the selective destruction of small portions of the cardiac tissue present

Myocardial infarction

Acute myocardial infarction, which affects about 100,000 people in Italy each year, corresponds to the death of a part of the heart muscle due to an interruption in the supply
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