ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Heavy metals and metalloids: copper

Copper is widespread in nature and is an essential element for many life forms. In the metabolic disorder known as Wilson’s disease, copper accumulates in the body leading to hepato-lental

Coma: what to do?

The Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced o absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of function vegetative. Four levels of coma are distinguished:

Gastric lavage in case of poisoning

To perform gastric lavage, it is important to keep a few points in mind: Be sure that you have ingested a dangerous dose of a toxic substance That the ingestion

What is melena?

When we talk about melena, we refer to the presence of blood in the stool. Bleeding is typically located in the upper part of the ‘digestive tract above the ileocecal

Muscle injuries

A muscle tear occurs when the muscle is forced beyond its range of motility. RICE procedures must be used. Cramps are spasms uncontrolled muscles, causing pain and loss of

Poison elimination

Logic would have it that in the case of coming into contact with poisons, one should remove from the body any toxic substance that has entered it, but clinical observations

Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

Coagulopathy is related to different clinical pictures, involving the activation of the process of coagulation resulting in thrombus deposition in the microcircle and consumption of coagulation factors and platelets.

What to do when you go into a coma

Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced or absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of vegetative functions. Four levels of coma are distinguished: awake

Urgent endoscopy in pediatrics

Digestive endoscopy with fiberoptic instruments is also considered a routine technique in the pediatric age group. The examination often needs to be performed urgently, within 24 to 48 hours of

Anuria and oliguria: what to do?

Bambino-sul-vasino

The anuria Is the failure of the kidney to produce urine. Oliguria, on the other hand, is the production of insufficient amount of urine to maintain homeostasis. Le causes may be pre-renal with hypovolemia, heart failure, and shock; renal with acute glomerulonephritis, vasculitis, uratic nephropathy, necrosis acute tubular, acute interstitial nephritis from toxins or drugs; post renal with obstructions. It is necessary to proceed with a quick medical history, assessment of the status of the circle, bladder characterization and undergo a renal ultrasonography.

In the case of pre-renal failure, circulation must be restored with hydration, transfusion, or shock therapy. In the case of organic insufficiency, it is necessary to put the child on general measures with weight control and fluid and diuresis control. Drug therapy involves fluid intake and correction of hyperpotassemia. It is important to avoid drugs or substances that may increase kidney damage. In terms of nutrition, calories and protein should be provided according to age and weight requirements.

Source: Mediserve‘s Medical Emergencies in Pediatrics.

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