ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Heavy metals and metalloids: copper

Copper is widespread in nature and is an essential element for many life forms. In the metabolic disorder known as Wilson’s disease, copper accumulates in the body leading to hepato-lental

Poison elimination

Logic would have it that in the case of coming into contact with poisons, one should remove from the body any toxic substance that has entered it, but clinical observations

Febrile convulsions

Le Febrile convulsions are seizures in the course of fever in a subject between 6 months old and 5 years old, who has no signs of acute brain affection or

Ticks: how to get rid of them

A tick can remain in the skin for days without the victim being aware of it, as its bite is painless. Many bites are harmless, but some

What to do when you go into a coma

Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced or absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of vegetative functions. Four levels of coma are distinguished: awake

Meningitis in children

Meningitis is one of the neurological diseases most commonly acquired during childhood. It is the infection of the meninges due to the penetration of pathogens into the subarachnoid space and

Electrocution: what to do

In electrocution , the greatest damage is visible inside the body, even though the burn may appear small and superficial. What to do? Make sure the place is safe, unplug

Arsenic Poisoning

Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or

Suction of a foreign body

This is an event Very common in pediatric age. It is manifested by coughing and reduced vesicular murmur. The medical history is usually indicative, along with the picture that can

What is diabetic ketoacidosis?

The diabetic ketoacidosis can cause symptoms ranging from simple asthenia to an obnubilation of consciousness to the point of coma. It is possible that the victim also has abdominal pain, polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, dehydration and slimming. Vomiting and pain in the abdomen may also be present.

It is necessary to set up two venous routes with a catheter: one route will be used for infusions and the other for withdrawals. If the patient is comatose, a nasogastric suction tube must be inserted. Urgently request laboratory tests, urine examination, electrocardiogram, and arrange for continuous ECG monitoring. Treatment involves infusing saline during the first two hours. From the third hour onward, infuse saline plus potassium and insulin intravenously.

Source: Mediserve‘s MedicalEmergencies in Pediatrics.

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Hypothyroidism is a condition brought about by the insufficient production of thyroid hormones, tetraiodothyronine or thyroxine (T4) and tridothyronine (T3), by the thyroid gland, resulting in reduced overall metabolic efficiency

Overweight and obesity

Far from being a mere cosmetic problem, overweight and obesity are an established risk factor for the development of number of metabolic (foremost among them diabetes), acute cardiovascular (such as

Hirsutism and virilization

Hirsutism is a condition that primarily affects women and consists of the growth of dark hairs in skin areas in which significant hair is normally present only in adult men,

Tumors of the adrenal glands

The adrenal glands (or adrenals) are two small triangular structures “resting” on the kidneys and responsible for the production of several hormones critical for metabolic and hydroelectrolyte balance and stress

Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is not really a disease, but a complex condition defined by the simultaneous presence of known cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity (especially of the “central” type, i.e.,

Hashimoto’s thyroid

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland, causing it to become chronically inflamed and gradually degenerate and lose function, resulting in the development of hypothyroidism (a

Hyperprolactinemia

Hyperprolactinemia corresponds to a condition determined by the excessive production of the hormone prolactin by the pituitary gland (a small neuroendocrine gland found in the center of the brain that

Diabetes and hypoglycemic syndromes

Diabetes or, more precisely, “diabetes mellitus” is a complex metabolic disease in which there is an increase in blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from insufficient insulin production by the Langerhans
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