ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Cardiorespiratory arrest in children

In pediatric age often respiratory arrest precedes cardiac arrest. The causes can be of different nature: respiratory, cardiological, neurological, from shock, from drugs, metabolic imbalances, or environmental causes. The signs

Pneumonia in children

Pneumonia is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pulmonary alveoli, which are fill with fluid that hinders respiratory function. The most Common are fever, vomiting and poor appetite, but

The toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a particularly risky type of shock caused by toxins produced by bacteria (staphylococcus or streptococcus).

Emesis in case of poisoning

Despite the lavender gastric is undeniably useful, it has many features reminiscent of a barbarian assault, so it is best to avoid using this method with the young children. When

Febrile convulsions

Le Febrile convulsions are seizures in the course of fever in a subject between 6 months old and 5 years old, who has no signs of acute brain affection or

Irritants, corrosives and caustics

There are plenty of chemicals on the market with irritating, corrosive and caustic characteristics to living tissue. Accidents can occur in both adults and children, who do not know the

Main types of poisoning: alcohol.

In the case of ethanol poisoning, the central effect is. strictly dose-dependent, with progression of brain structures more specialized. Methanol, on the other hand, exerts less depression on the system

Poisoning by anticoaugulants

Anticoagulants are based on warfarin and related substances. The material found commercially is ready to be diluted, so that the content of baits prepared to keep rodent populations down is

What is diabetic ketoacidosis?

The diabetic ketoacidosis can cause symptoms ranging from simple asthenia to an obnubilation of consciousness to the point of coma. It is possible that the victim also has abdominal pain,

Poisoning: general treatment measures

veleno

Apparatus urinary

There is no good reason to stimulate profuse diuresis or to use diuretics, while treating the poisoned patient. Heavy metals are capable of damaging the kidneys , and in this case hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is a must. In addition, fluid balance should be performed for any poisoned patient and electrolyte balance should be monitored.

System nervous

Efforts to stimulate a comatose patient should always be avoided. If, however, the central nervous system is directly stimulated by the toxin and seizures occur, it is necessary to treat the patient with diazepan injections. If the epileptic state continues to persist, there will be a condition of disorientation and physical exhaustion, which can even lead to death.

Temperature

A significant thermal increase is a sign of infection; in fact, few poisons exhibit pyrogenic characteristics. At this point it is necessary to identify the infectious focus and begin treatment with antibiotic. Comatose individuals should have their rectal temperature measured with a thermometer capable of recording even lower temperatures before they are discovered. If the temperature is very low, it is necessary to warm the subject gradually, without exposing him or her to powerful heat sources.

Source: Roy Goulding’s Vademecum of Poisoning Therapy.

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Caries

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