Childhood obesity: two “household” risks

Sitting for too long in front of a computer screen, TV, smartphone or tablet or playing playstation, especially with a high-calorie snack in hand, puts children and adolescents’ fitness and

Can anemia cause fatigue?

An insufficiency of iron in the blood can result an anemia, responsible ius considerable fatigue. In women, anemia is a recurrent occurrence because of the menstrual cycle. When there is anemia the

Some easy ways to take in more fiber

Fiber helps you feel full longer, prevents constipation and offers a host of other health benefits. But we don’t consume enough of it. Here’s how to put some fiber into

Celiac disease: characteristics and numbers in Italy


Celiac disease: What it is

Celiac disease is one of the most common hereditary diseases of pediatric age but fortunately also one of the treatable conditions: in fact, the remedy is to eliminate all foods containing gluten (bread, pasta, cookies, rusks, cakes, and even some medications). Gluten comprises a family of plant proteins, the polyamines, contained in wheat (gliadins), barley (hordeins), rye (secalins) and, still controversially, oats (avenins). Such proteins have little nutritional value-that is, they are not essential to the body-and gluten gives flour, once mixed with water, the ability to form a compact and elastic dough, which is among other things an essential prerequisite to breadmaking.

The numbers

A large survey had already estimated in 1994 a prevalence of people with celiac disease at a 1:200 ratio, which in fact is even higher today (1:100-1:150). On the other hand, celiac disease until the 1990s was misrecognized, but the advent of increasingly simple, rapid, and widespread laboratory techniques has enabled the recognition of more cases and thus a significant improvement in diagnostic possibilities.

It is currently believed that there are at least 100 individuals with celiac disease in a population sample of 100 thousand individuals. A number, therefore, that certainly does not justify the characterization as a rare disease, considering also the fact that there are 35,000 certified celiacs and every year new diagnoses increase by 10 percent, amounting to 5,000 cases of which 2,800 are in newborns. The intake of gluten, suggested in children as young as 6 months of age, basically activates an immune response that leads to flattening of the intestinal villi, resulting in generalized malabsorption and stunting of growth, which is the most striking sign (although some cases, which escaped initial diagnosis, are recognized in later life ages).

The consequences and risks

Numerous gastroenterological diseases, each burdened with a different clinical impact, such as irritable bowel syndrome, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, and hypertransaminemia (i.e., increased transaminases, enzymes produced by the liver, assayed in the blood) may be associated with celiac disease with different prevalence.

From celiac disease, with the unavoidable support of the physician, should be distinguished from the wheat allergy, which mainly affects the skin and respiratory tract, and the “gluten sensitivity“, which is always caused by ingestion of this food, but does not affect patients with celiac disease or allergy to wheat (in Italy, it is estimated that it could affect between 5 and 10 percent of the population). The latter causes clinical symptoms similar to those of irritable bowel syndrome (abdominal pain, bloating, and so on) and nonspecific extraintestinal manifestations (eczema, itching, headache), which usually arise within a short distance of gluten intake and just as quickly regress following an exclusion diet.


  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Francesca Vittorelli
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Therapist, Acupuncturists, Basic Doctors

    • Corso Andrea Palladio 134 - Vicenza
  • Profile picture of Dr. Fabio Fabi
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Sports Doctors, Internist, Basic Doctors

    • Via Sarsina 147 - Roma
  • Profile picture of Dr. Giuseppe Panico
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Dermatologists, Basic Doctors

    • Viale Prassilla 41 - Roma
  • Profile picture of Dr. Giovanni Arrichiello
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Gynecologists, Basic Doctors

    • Corso Regina Margherita 260 - Torino
  • Profile picture of Dr. Roberto Zaffaroni
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Basic Doctors, Therapist

    • Via San Francesco D' Assisi 5 - Varese


Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-term inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum.

Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D is an acute inflammation of the liver brought on by Hepatitis D virus (HDV): a “defective” virus that requires the simultaneous presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome is a common disorder affecting the large intestine. This is a chronic condition that must be managed for the long term. Only a small number of people

Anal fissures

Anal fissures are small tears in the mucosa lining the anus; they can occur upon passage of hard or large stools during a bowel movement, usually cause pain and bleeding


Dyspepsia means “difficult digestion” and is the medical term often used to refer to indigestion, which instead has a more general meaning and encompasses a multitude of different disorders of


Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a tubular formation that is part of the large intestine, which in the past was not given a specific purpose; however, its role

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is an uncommon inflammation of the liver in Western countries, brought about by 4 possible variants of the Hepatitis E virus (HEV) that accidentally entered the body through

Colon cancer

Colorectal carcinoma is the malignancy that most frequently affects the colon, rectum, and appendix. It is the third most common form of cancer in the world. It is characterized by


Meteorism is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal distension caused by excessive production or accumulation of gas in the stomach or intestines. Intestinal gas is usually not noticed until it


Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder wall. The inflammatory process, once initiated, generates changes at both microscopic and macroscopic levels, evolving from simple congestion, through a suppuration phase, to

your advertising
exclusively ON

complete the form and you will be contacted by one of our managers