Arsenic Poisoning

Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or

Kawasaki syndrome and disease

Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

Poisonings: clinical monitoring

Laboratory investigations date back more than 150 years, when analysis was first used. quantitative chemistry. The main purpose was to solve cases uncertain legal. The transition from the cautious and

The family and the patient with bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder not only disrupts the patient's life but also makes the lives of those around him difficult and sometimes painful. People affected by this disorder often have difficulty acknowledging their mental state to themselves.

Febrile convulsions

Le Febrile convulsions are seizures in the course of fever in a subject between 6 months old and 5 years old, who has no signs of acute brain affection or

Forced diuresis during poisoning

Once a toxic agent has distributed into the tissues and organs of the patient, the harmful action will continue to persist until an antidote to it Will neutralize. Obviously,

Tranquilizers as a method of poisoning

Drugs of this type are divided into 2 groups major: minor tranquilizers and major tranquilizers. Tranquil minors These drugs are certainly less dangerous than the barbiturates, whose place they took.

Epileptic seizure: what to do?

The seizures are self-limiting and very often do not allow a rapid intervention. It is necessary, therefore, to keep some pointers in mind: Preventing lessons that the patient might unintentionally

Injury of the fingers and toes



For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and transfer the force along the diaphysis of the finger bones. If percussion results in additional pain one must suspect a fracture.

What do?

  1. Immobilize the fingers through one of the following techniques:
  2. Using a patch to join the finger to that adjacent, or put the hand and fingers in the “functional” position.
  3. Place a dressing in the center of the hand bulky, secure it with a roll of bandage on a wooden board or a folded newspaper.
  4. Take to hospital.


If a nail is partially broken or detached it is necessary to stabilize it with a adhesive bandage. If the nail has completely detached, it is important to apply an antibiotic ointment and protect with an adhesive bandage. It is absolutely not recommended to cut the detached nail.


If a splinter passes under a fingernail, interrupting blood flow, there is need to remove the stuck part with tweezers. If the splinter has embedded in the skin, a sterile needle is needed to extract it, up to when it cannot be removed with tweezers.


After nail trauma the blood usually collects under the nail and causes intense pain. To relieve pain get the blood out of the nail.

What do?

  1. Place finger in cold water or apply an ice pack.
  2. Relieve pain by piercing the nail.
  3. Apply a dressing to absorb the leaking blood and try to protect the injured nail.


It happens sometimes that the finger is very swollen and it is difficult to remove a ring. If the ring is not removed gangrene can develop within 4-5 hours. To prevent this from happening, use one of these methods:

  • Lubricate the finger with oil or butter.
  • Place the finger in cold water and wait for the edema to subside.
  • Massage the finger from the tip to the hand to let the edema reabsorb, lubricate the finger, and try to remove the ring.
  • If you cannot remove it, slide the end of a wire under the ring with a toothpick or matchstick. Wrap the thread around the finger starting at the ring going toward the tip. Continue to wrap evenly. This will push the edema toward the hand and slowly unwind the wire on the side of the ring toward the hand.
  • Cut off the narrowest part of the ring with a saw, protecting your hand.
  • Inflate a balloon and tie off the end. Press the victim’s swollen finger into the end of the ball so that the ball wraps around the finger evenly. This will return the finger to normal in about 15 minutes, and the ring can be simply removed.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.


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