Kawasaki syndrome and disease

Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

Types of poisoning: chlorates

Sodium and potassium chlorates are still used today to clean the soil of all vegetation. These substances in their dry state are strong oxidizing agents and present a high risk

What to do when you go into a coma

Coma is the morbid condition characterized by loss of consciousness with reduced or absent responsiveness to sensory stimuli and preservation of vegetative functions. Four levels of coma are distinguished: awake

Caustic ingestions

Caustics are the substances capable of damaging the digestive system. Symptoms present during caustic ingestion include crying, dysphagia, vomiting, chest pain, laryngeal stridor, profuse sialorrhea, possible respiratory distress. Caustics can

Types of poisoning: chloralose

Chloralose is a derivative of chloral hydrate. The portion of the latter that is released into the body is rapidly metabolized to trichloroethyl alcohol. This substance is a central nervous

Gastric lavage in case of poisoning

To perform gastric lavage, it is important to keep a few points in mind: Be sure that you have ingested a dangerous dose of a toxic substance That the ingestion

Cyanide poisoning and derivatives

Cyanide ranks first as a pesticide, but it is not the only way through which you can poison yourself. Organic cyanides are highly toxic if ingested. These salts can also

Main types of poisoning: opiates

Opiates are considered opium, morphine, pethidine, diamorphine, methadone, pentazocine, and dextropropoxyphene. These are able to sedate pain and result in drug dependence. Their production and sale are under strict control

Arsenic Poisoning

Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or

Injury of the fingers and toes



For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and transfer the force along the diaphysis of the finger bones. If percussion results in additional pain one must suspect a fracture.

What do?

  1. Immobilize the fingers through one of the following techniques:
  2. Using a patch to join the finger to that adjacent, or put the hand and fingers in the “functional” position.
  3. Place a dressing in the center of the hand bulky, secure it with a roll of bandage on a wooden board or a folded newspaper.
  4. Take to hospital.


If a nail is partially broken or detached it is necessary to stabilize it with a adhesive bandage. If the nail has completely detached, it is important to apply an antibiotic ointment and protect with an adhesive bandage. It is absolutely not recommended to cut the detached nail.


If a splinter passes under a fingernail, interrupting blood flow, there is need to remove the stuck part with tweezers. If the splinter has embedded in the skin, a sterile needle is needed to extract it, up to when it cannot be removed with tweezers.


After nail trauma the blood usually collects under the nail and causes intense pain. To relieve pain get the blood out of the nail.

What do?

  1. Place finger in cold water or apply an ice pack.
  2. Relieve pain by piercing the nail.
  3. Apply a dressing to absorb the leaking blood and try to protect the injured nail.


It happens sometimes that the finger is very swollen and it is difficult to remove a ring. If the ring is not removed gangrene can develop within 4-5 hours. To prevent this from happening, use one of these methods:

  • Lubricate the finger with oil or butter.
  • Place the finger in cold water and wait for the edema to subside.
  • Massage the finger from the tip to the hand to let the edema reabsorb, lubricate the finger, and try to remove the ring.
  • If you cannot remove it, slide the end of a wire under the ring with a toothpick or matchstick. Wrap the thread around the finger starting at the ring going toward the tip. Continue to wrap evenly. This will push the edema toward the hand and slowly unwind the wire on the side of the ring toward the hand.
  • Cut off the narrowest part of the ring with a saw, protecting your hand.
  • Inflate a balloon and tie off the end. Press the victim’s swollen finger into the end of the ball so that the ball wraps around the finger evenly. This will return the finger to normal in about 15 minutes, and the ring can be simply removed.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.


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