ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Arsenic Poisoning

Although arsenic is not a metal but a metalloid, it is widespread in nature and prolonged exposure causes a carcinogenic effect. Arsenic derivatives are used within industries as pesticides or

Kawasaki syndrome and disease

Kawasaki syndrome is a disease also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is a vasculitis, sometimes affecting coronary arteries, that tends to occur in infants and children between 1

Poisonings: clinical monitoring

Laboratory investigations date back more than 150 years, when analysis was first used. quantitative chemistry. The main purpose was to solve cases uncertain legal. The transition from the cautious and

The family and the patient with bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder not only disrupts the patient's life but also makes the lives of those around him difficult and sometimes painful. People affected by this disorder often have difficulty acknowledging their mental state to themselves.

Febrile convulsions

Le Febrile convulsions are seizures in the course of fever in a subject between 6 months old and 5 years old, who has no signs of acute brain affection or

Forced diuresis during poisoning

Once a toxic agent has distributed into the tissues and organs of the patient, the harmful action will continue to persist until an antidote to it Will neutralize. Obviously,

Tranquilizers as a method of poisoning

Drugs of this type are divided into 2 groups major: minor tranquilizers and major tranquilizers. Tranquil minors These drugs are certainly less dangerous than the barbiturates, whose place they took.

Epileptic seizure: what to do?

The seizures are self-limiting and very often do not allow a rapid intervention. It is necessary, therefore, to keep some pointers in mind: Preventing lessons that the patient might unintentionally

Injury of the fingers and toes

lesione-dita

FRACTURE/LUXATION

For detect a fracture it is necessary for the patient to test the percussion, holding the fingers in full extension on a solid surface. Firmly strike the fingertips, and transfer the force along the diaphysis of the finger bones. If percussion results in additional pain one must suspect a fracture.

What do?

  1. Immobilize the fingers through one of the following techniques:
  2. Using a patch to join the finger to that adjacent, or put the hand and fingers in the “functional” position.
  3. Place a dressing in the center of the hand bulky, secure it with a roll of bandage on a wooden board or a folded newspaper.
  4. Take to hospital.

NAIL AVULSION

If a nail is partially broken or detached it is necessary to stabilize it with a adhesive bandage. If the nail has completely detached, it is important to apply an antibiotic ointment and protect with an adhesive bandage. It is absolutely not recommended to cut the detached nail.

SPLINTERS

If a splinter passes under a fingernail, interrupting blood flow, there is need to remove the stuck part with tweezers. If the splinter has embedded in the skin, a sterile needle is needed to extract it, up to when it cannot be removed with tweezers.

SUBUNGUAL HEMORRHAGE

After nail trauma the blood usually collects under the nail and causes intense pain. To relieve pain get the blood out of the nail.

What do?

  1. Place finger in cold water or apply an ice pack.
  2. Relieve pain by piercing the nail.
  3. Apply a dressing to absorb the leaking blood and try to protect the injured nail.

REMOVAL OF A RING

It happens sometimes that the finger is very swollen and it is difficult to remove a ring. If the ring is not removed gangrene can develop within 4-5 hours. To prevent this from happening, use one of these methods:

  • Lubricate the finger with oil or butter.
  • Place the finger in cold water and wait for the edema to subside.
  • Massage the finger from the tip to the hand to let the edema reabsorb, lubricate the finger, and try to remove the ring.
  • If you cannot remove it, slide the end of a wire under the ring with a toothpick or matchstick. Wrap the thread around the finger starting at the ring going toward the tip. Continue to wrap evenly. This will push the edema toward the hand and slowly unwind the wire on the side of the ring toward the hand.
  • Cut off the narrowest part of the ring with a saw, protecting your hand.
  • Inflate a balloon and tie off the end. Press the victim’s swollen finger into the end of the ball so that the ball wraps around the finger evenly. This will return the finger to normal in about 15 minutes, and the ring can be simply removed.

Source: Mediserve‘s Pocket Guide to First Aid.

SPECIALISTI IN EVIDENZA

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PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Paget’s bone disease

Paget’s bone disease represents an abnormality in the physiological process by which the body over time gradually replaces old bone tissue with newly produced bone tissue. This process can become

Herniated disc

The intervertebral disc consists of a central deformable cartilaginous part, called the “nucleus pulposus,” surrounded by a containing fibrous lining, called the annulus. When the disc is young and healthy,

Osteoporosis

According to the World Health Organization (1993) definition, “Osteoporosis is a pathological condition characterized by loss of bone mass and qualitative deterioration of bone tissue, resulting in an increase in

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease on an autoimmune basis that primarily affects the joints, but it affects the entire body and over time, especially if not properly treated,

Arthrosis

Osteoarthritis, also called osteoarthritis, is a chronic degenerative condition associated with aging, primarily involving cartilage and bony joint surfaces. Lhe disease can affect all joints of the body, but generally

Arthrosis of the hip

Osteoarthritis of the hip is also called coxarthrosis and is a chronic degenerative disease of the hip joint due to progressive disruption of articular cartilage. Hip osteoarthritis can be primary

Calcaneal spur

Calcaneal spur refers to a thorn or hook-shaped bony protuberance (osteophyte) that results from an abnormal calcification process that can occur at the level of the calcaneus bone, under the

Adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder

Adhesive capsulitis is a medical condition of shoulder suffering from both stiffness and pain. It is also called “frozen shoulder syndrome” precisely because of the reduced mobility and pain.

Neurovegetative dystonia

If you have the patience to interview a family doctor whose outpatient clinic is always very crowded, you will find that a good portion of patients are afflicted with a

Shoulder arthrosis

In the shoulder, the different joints, and particularly the scapulohumeral (or glenohumeral) joint, which is located between the joint heads of the scapula and humerus, are normally lined with cartilage,
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