Peripheral arteriopathy obliterans: what is it?

Peripheral arteriopathy obliterans or peripheral arterial occlusive disease is a medical condition in which there is a localized obstructive lesion downstream of the renal arteries, with hypoperfusion of the lower

Neurodevelopmental disorders and autism

As we know, neurodevelopmental disorders are increasing dramatically, and we find ourselves every day, both as professionals in the field and as people, considering all the clinical and human implications.

Sexual Habits: Outercourse, non-penetrative sex

Sexual partners may move toward outcourse for a variety of reasons of a practical, ideological, moral, or religious nature, to limit the risk of pregnancy, as a matter of sexual preference , as an alternative to menstruation, or for medical impediments that advise against penetration at a given time.

Periodontal Disease. What is it all about?

Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease that affects the supporting structures around the tooth such as gingiva and bone. What are the triggers and symptoms? Periodontitis (once called Pyorrhea) is

Hallux valgus: how to treat it

Hallux valgus is a deformity of the first toe, which appears deviated laterally toward the other toes, with simultaneous medial protrusion of the first metatarsal bone. This bony deformity is



Anemia is the clinical condition in which the hemoglobin rate is less than the third percentile relative to the patient’s age group.

Symptoms appear in relation to the rapidity of onset, severity of anemia, and underlying pathology. If it is a rapid onset, headache, dizziness, tachycardia, and postural hypotension appear. At slow onset, however, pallor, progressive asthenia, irritability, and fatigue appear.

Essential laboratory tests are CBC with leukocyte formula, peripheral blood smear, VCM, reticulitis. In case of trauma or gastrointestinal bleeding, it is necessary to exclude diseases that require surgery. In case of clinical symptomatology with oxygen insufficiency, immediate transfusion therapy is recommended.

Another emergency situation is renal failure during massive intravascular hemolysis. Symptoms include lumbar ligament pain, hemoglobinuria, and progressive oliguria and anuria. Therapy in these cases requires intravenous hyperhydration and furosemide.

Source: Medical Emergencies in Pediatrics by Mediserve edited by Maurizio Vanelli



Aortic valvulopathy

When the aortic valve does not properly perform its function of pumping blood into the heart, an aortic disease condition occurs that also involves the left ventricle. Aortic valve disease


Atherosclerosis is a pathological process that leads to the progressive formation of localized deposits composed mainly of fat and cholesterol and platelets (atheromas or atherosclerotic plaques) within the walls of

Cardiac arrhythmias

The group of cardiac arrhythmias includes all conditions characterized by an alteration in the rhythm of contraction of the heart, either in excess or in defect or associated with irregularities


According to the ESH-ESC guidelines, hypertension is defined by the finding of systolic (maximum) blood pressure values ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic (minimum) blood pressure values ≤ 90 mmHg. The

Angina pectoris

Referred to by the Latin name for its main manifestation, a weight-like or vice-like tightness in the chest, angina pectoris is not a disease per se, but the consequence of

Shock, medical emergency

It may happen that the circulation of blood through the body undergoes a sudden change giving rise to a condition of physiological shock, with decreased flow and crisis on the

Ablation of atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation surgery is a surgical procedure aimed at eliminating the source of the cardiac arrhythmia through the selective destruction of small portions of the cardiac tissue present

Heart failure (acute)

Acute Heart Failure (AHF) is a potentially life-threatening clinical condition that can result from the worsening of an already diagnosed chronic heart failure (heart failure) or represent its onset event.

Obstructive sleep apnea

Repetitive episodes of upper airway obstruction may occur during sleep, often accompanied by reduced oxygen saturation. Such episodes are accompanied in almost all cases by snoring. Apneas often end with


Cellulite is an inflammatory-based alteration of the fat-rich subcutaneous tissue(panniculus adiposus), triggered by fluid stagnation due to poor venous and lymphatic circulation (lymph is a fluid that flows in channels

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