ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Types of poisoning: fluoroacetates

Fluoroacetates are powerful poisons and their use is limited to special conditions, such as aboard ships or in sewers. Fluroacetates block the tricarboxylic acid cycle of carbohydrate metabolism. Their toxic

Heavy metals: lithium

Lithium is a metal that is quite widely used in industry. Lithium carbonate is prescribed for the treatment of manic-depressive psychosis. The action that lithium plays at the molecular level

Muscle injuries

A muscle tear occurs when the muscle is forced beyond its range of motility. RICE procedures must be used. Cramps are spasms uncontrolled muscles, causing pain and loss of

What is diabetic ketoacidosis?

The diabetic ketoacidosis can cause symptoms ranging from simple asthenia to an obnubilation of consciousness to the point of coma. It is possible that the victim also has abdominal pain,

The cardiovascular system during poisonings

Poisoning can also cause cardiovascular collapse; in fact, antidepressant drugs can trigger cardiac arrhythmias, consequently altering cardiac output. It is necessary, therefore, to measure blood pressure and heart rate at

Hyperventilation: what to do?

Hyperventilation is when breathing is faster and deeper than usual as a result of emotional stress or anxiety. Symptoms of hyperventilation include fast and deep breathing, dizziness, chest pain, sweating,

Hypoglottic laryngitis

It is an infection of the subglottic tissue with edema caused by a virus. Hypoglottic laryngitis occurs mainly in children under three years of age, with sudden onset after previous

Main types of poisoning: salicylates

The most common type of poisoning is from aspirin, a drug that contains acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin tablets are very popular among adults intent on poisoning. In the body, salicylates exert

Types of poisoning: chlorates

terreno

Sodium and potassium chlorates are still used today to clean the soil of all vegetation. These substances in their dry state are strong oxidizing agents and present a high risk of flammability, with the possibility of explosion. For workers, there are no major risks, but if someone ingests the substance it can be highly toxic, as a single dose si 15 g can be lethal for an adult. Immediately after ingestion there is a burning sensation in the mouth and tongue, followed by abdominal pain, vomiting, mental confusion and cyanosis. Subsequently, seizures and kidney damage may appear.

Diagnosis and treatment

The clinical picture is generally diagnostic. Gastric lavage and administration of a saline purgative is required within a few hours after ingestion.

Source: Vadecum of poisoning therapy by Roy Goulding

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