ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Home Remedies: What Works?

Treating Ailments with Home Remedies It’s best not to fully rely on what you’ve heard about curative remedies; it’s always better to discuss them with your primary care physician before

Microplastics in water: a lurking danger

Seas and oceans invaded by bottles, saucers, glasses, straws and shopping bags. Fish and birds killed by excess plastic ingested or filtered through gills. Idyllic beaches awash in garbage that

Menstrual symptoms reduce productivity in women of childbearing age

katarzyna-grabowska-oA1-rirIJ2E-unsplash
If you think that the physical and psychological discomforts that can accompany the days of menstrual flow and those leading up to it are a minor thing, you are either a man or a very lucky woman. Even when one does not suffer from actual conditions associated with the menstrual cycle such as endometriosis, in fact, the symptoms that most women have to deal with periodically throughout all or part of their fertile lives are quite challenging to endure and manage. Cramps and pain in the lower abdomen, which may radiate to the legs; back pain; nausea and intestinal discomfort; difficulty concentrating and headache; fatigue and general malaise; irritability, nervousness; depression or anxiety. Although benign and transient, combined in various ways in type and intensity, these manifestations can significantly interfere with daily activities for one or more days, preventing one from fulfilling one’s study and work commitments to the best of one’s ability. With socioeconomic repercussions as well, given the loss of productivity. A nationwide Dutch study involving nearly 33 thousand women, recruited from the general female population of childbearing age (15-45 years), assessed this impact through the administration of online questionnaires that investigated both the loss of productivity associated with menstrual flow-related absences from school or the workplace and that associated with “presenteeism,” i.e., being present in less than excellent mental and physical condition. The responses obtained showed that 13.8 percent of women of childbearing age occasionally have to take time off work or study commitments due to menstrual disorders, losing an average of 1.3 days per year. While this figure may appear reassuring (but it is not, considering that this is an average value and that menstrual flow is a physiological phenomenon and not a disease), the same cannot be said of the percentage of related presenteeism and reduced productivity, experienced by as many as 80.7 percent of the study participants for an average of 23.2 days per year (i.e., about 2 days per cycle). The researchers calculated that a loss of productivity of one-third (33 percent) of that secured under optimal psychophysical conditions for the average recorded period of presenteeism corresponds to a total annual loss of productivity of nearly 9 days: on a par with real illness. In addition, it should be considered that the absenteeism found among the women involved in the survey is likely to be lower than the actual absenteeism, since those responding to the online questionnaire were predominantly women with higher levels of education and engaged in activities that require less physical exertion than those performed by women with lower levels of education. The study also confirms that despite the considerable discomfort caused by menstrual flow, only a minority of women turn to the doctor for a satisfactory solution (45 percent according to the Dutch research, but around 15 percent in other surveys), resigning themselves to living with periodic discomfort. This is a situation that should be sought to be changed through increased education of both women and physicians in the protection of women’s well-being and reproductive health, and by developing labor policies geared toward providing greater flexibility of hours and tasks, with a view to reducing inconvenience and loss of productivity during the most critical phase of the cycle. For the benefit of all.

Source: Schoep ME et al. Productivity loss due to menstruation-related symptoms: a nationwide crosssectional survey among 32748 women. BMJ Open 2019;9:e026186. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026186
Photo by Katarzyna Grabowska on Unsplash

SPECIALISTI IN EVIDENZA

  • Profile picture of Dr. Giuseppe Lepore
    active 3 years, 10 months ago

    Dermatologists, Basic Doctors, General Surgeons

    • 19 Via Manzoni Alessandro - Garbagnate Milanese
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dr. Giovanni Arrichiello
    active 3 years, 10 months ago

    Gynecologists, Basic Doctors

    • Corso Regina Margherita 260 - Torino
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dr. Roberto Zaffaroni
    active 3 years, 10 months ago

    Basic Doctors, Therapist

    • Via San Francesco D' Assisi 5 - Varese
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Ilaria Berto
    active 3 years, 10 months ago

    Basic Doctors, Acupuncturists, Aesthetic Doctors

    • Via Antonio Corradini 1 - Este
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott. Sandro Morganti
    active 3 years, 10 months ago

    Orthopedists, Basic Doctors, Osteopaths

    • Via Foligno 6 - Roma
    phone

PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Pulmonary emphysema

Emphysema is a respiratory condition that is part of the clinical picture characteristic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is characterized by a progressive destruction of the lung septa

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver, brought about by infection with Hepatitis C virus (HCV), of which there are 6 variants, characterized by different genotypes, different epidemiological distribution

Angioma

Angiomas, also called “hemangiomas,” are benign vascular malformations involving arterial or venous capillaries and can affect anywhere on the body, but they tend to appear most often on the skin

Medically assisted procreation (MAP)

Medically assisted procreation (MAP) encompasses a range of techniques directed at compensating for situations of infertility in couples, which may depend on the man or the woman. Couple infertility is

Amenorrhea

The term amenorrhea refers to the non-occurrence or absence of menstrual flow for a period of time of at least six consecutive months. In cases of “thinning” menstruation, for example,

Cholecyst stones

The gallbladder (or gallbladder) is a hollow green pear-shaped organ located below the liver; it is part of the digestive system and its function is to store bile, a dark

Influence

Seasonal influenza is an infectious disease of viral origin that is transmitted by the respiratory route through virus-laden vapor particles released into the air by infected individuals through breathing, coughing,

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disorder in the Western world. In the United States it affects about three million people; in Italy, an estimated 600-700 thousand people

Peyronie’s or curved penis disease

Peyronie ‘s disease is a condition resulting from an abnormality of the penis due to fibrous scar tissue that appears on the penis changing its shape during erection, which becomes

Lactose intolerance

People with lactose intolerance are unable to fully digest the sugar in milk. The condition, which is also called lactose malabsorption, is usually harmless, but its symptoms can be uncomfortable.
CULTURA E SALUTE
 
AGGIORNAMENTI
 
PERCORSI
 

your advertising
exclusively ON
MY SPECIAL DOCTOR

complete the form and you will be contacted by one of our managers