Gluten the enemy of celiacs

Gluten is the No. 1 enemy for people with celiac disease and is difficult to avoid. Episodes of this chronic autoimmune disease can be triggered by ingestion of gluten, a

Bacterial infections and international travel

Having to undertake a trip, whether for business or leisure, it is necessary to gather detailed information about the places one intends to visit, considering the map of countries where the risk of exposure to "traveler's diseases" is highest.

Nutrition in developmental age

During the first few years of life, the pediatrician is responsible for monitoring the child‘s nutrition . For 6- to 12-year-olds, proper nutrition is very important to ensure normal growth.

Omega 3 also useful against anxiety

Best known for their favorable role in secondary cardiovascular prevention (in particular, protecting against recurrence of myocardial infarction), in supporting the development of the nervous system of the fetus and

Risk factors, complications and prevention of salmonellosis

Normally, salmonella infection does not pose a life-threatening risk for healthy adults, but it can pose a life-threatening risk for those categories of patients such as infants or young children, elderly or transplant patients, pregnant women, or in patients undergoing surgery.

Cranberry botanical fact sheet

Taxonomy Blueberry is the name for several wild shrub species in the genus vaccinium, including cranberry. These are semiligneous shrubs with oval leaves and white or pink pendulous flowers. The

MEDICINE: characteristics and symptoms of diabetes


Diabetes-which, for accuracy, should be referred to as “diabetes mellitus”-is a complex disease in which there is an increase in blood glucose levels due to a deficit in the amount and, often, in the biological effectiveness ofinsulin, the hormone that controls blood glucose and is produced by the pancreas. It is a very common condition: about 3 million people in Italy have been diagnosed with diabetes, and, in addition, it is estimated that another 1.5 million have the disease without knowing it. Internationally recognized, the new classification of diabetes drawn up in 1997 divides diabetes into three main types:

  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus = Includes almost all immune-mediated forms of diabetes; here the underlying cause is a malfunction of the immune system, which, recognizing “pancreatic beta cells “of the so-called islets of Langerhans as foreign, attacks and destroys them.
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus = This includes all forms of diabetes, due to a deficit in insulin secretion, by the pancreatic beta cells of the islets of Langerhans, and a resistance of the body tissues to the action of insulin (insulin resistance).
  • Gestational diabetes = As it was in the old classification, this includes forms of diabetes secondary to the state of pregnancy. Generally, it is a transient phenomenon.

Disorders and symptoms of diabetes

In the vast majority of cases, the disease gives no discomfort. If these are present they are intense thirst (polydipsia), need to urinate often with copious urine (polyuria), and fatigue (asthenia). In type 1 diabetes there is often weight loss, and the onset of the disease can be abrupt with noticeable malaise, drowsiness, and acetone odor on the breath. In contrast, in type 2 diabetes the diagnosis is often made in a person who is basically well at laboratory tests (check up) or during investigations or hospitalization for another disease (casual diagnosis).

Risk factors

In type 1 diabetes:

  • First-degree relatives (parents, siblings) with type 1 diabetes;
  • Autoimmune diseases (such as thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, vitiligo);
  • Autoimmune diseases among first-degree relatives

In type 2 diabetes these are the main ones:

  • First-degree relatives with type 2 diabetes;
  • Suboptimal blood glucose or HbA1c;
  • Previous gestational diabetes;
  • Excess body weight;ssedentariness;
  • Overfeeding;
  • Smoking;
  • Hypertension;
  • Low HDL cholesterol;
  • Elevated triglycerides;
  • Advanced age.


The treatment program should include periodic medical visits from one’s general practitioner and diabetes specialist, according to an individually agreed protocol that takes into account the patient’s clinical characteristics. The treatment program should include periodic screening and staging for any chronic complications of the disease, with certain tests repeated at preestablished intervals.


  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Francesca Vittorelli
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Therapist, Acupuncturists, Basic Doctors

    • Corso Andrea Palladio 134 - Vicenza
  • Profile picture of Dr. Lucia Catalano
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Gynecologists, Senologists, Basic Doctors

    • Via Belluno 1 - Roma
  • Profile picture of Dr. Giuseppe Lepore
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Dermatologists, Basic Doctors, General Surgeons

    • 19 Via Manzoni Alessandro - Garbagnate Milanese
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Irene Pistis
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Aesthetic Doctors, Basic Doctors, Certifying Doctor

    • Via della Reoubblica 461/3 - Vergato
  • Profile picture of Dr. Tiziana Volpe
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Gynecologists, Basic Doctors, Professional Counselor

    • Piazzale Jonio 50 - Roma


Overweight and obesity

Far from being a mere cosmetic problem, overweight and obesity are an established risk factor for the development of number of metabolic (foremost among them diabetes), acute cardiovascular (such as

Hashimoto’s thyroid

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland, causing it to become chronically inflamed and gradually degenerate and lose function, resulting in the development of hypothyroidism (a


Menopause is a physiological event that affects all women in the age range of 46 to 53 years and corresponds to the gradual loss of ovarian function and, therefore, the

Hirsutism and virilization

Hirsutism is a condition that primarily affects women and consists of the growth of dark hairs in skin areas in which significant hair is normally present only in adult men,

Basedow’s disease

Basedow’s disease, also known as Basedow-Graves disease, is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland and results in the typical symptoms of hyperthyroidism, ophthalmopathy/exophthalmos, and dermopathy. Basedow’s disease can

Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is not really a disease, but a complex condition defined by the simultaneous presence of known cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity (especially of the “central” type, i.e.,

Pituitary tumor

Tumors of the Hypophysis (or pituitary gland) are a group of predominantly benign neoplasms affecting a small structure located in the center of the brain, posterior to the root of


Hypothyroidism is a condition brought about by the insufficient production of thyroid hormones, tetraiodothyronine or thyroxine (T4) and tridothyronine (T3), by the thyroid gland, resulting in reduced overall metabolic efficiency


Goiter corresponds to the more or less bulky, protruding swelling that appears in the central anterior part of the neck mainly in people who are iodine-deficient for prolonged periods, due

Tumors of the adrenal glands

The adrenal glands (or adrenals) are two small triangular structures “resting” on the kidneys and responsible for the production of several hormones critical for metabolic and hydroelectrolyte balance and stress

your advertising
exclusively ON

complete the form and you will be contacted by one of our managers