Abdominal pain: what to do?

Many diseases can cause abdominal pain, but some conditions can be life-threatening and therefore require surgical treatment. What to do? It is necessary for the victim not to eat or

At birth we already have a few billion years

In this course we will analyze, from an evolutionary perspective, some important characteristics of Homo Sapiens Sapiens infants, the result of millions of years of evolution, which affect adult development and psychic life.

Allergic skin reaction and itching

La skin is like a external barrier at body, which defends against external pitfalls, and among these pitfalls are some allergenic agents, such as the nickel, which we come in

What is atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis (more often known in the lay world as atherosclerosis) is a pathological condition characterized by changes in the wall of the arteries, which lose their elasticity due to the

The cardiovascular system during poisonings

Poisoning can also cause cardiovascular collapse; in fact, antidepressant drugs can trigger cardiac arrhythmias, consequently altering cardiac output. It is necessary, therefore, to measure blood pressure and heart rate at

Acne: what it is and how to fight it


The term acne comes from the Greek word acmé or acné, meaning foam or summit. It is one of the most common skin diseases in the juvenile population; in fact, it is present in about 95%. The frequency is much higher certainly among adolescents, but acne can persist or appear in adulthood as well.

Types of acne

It typically makes its onset on the face, back, chest, and shoulders and affects both sexes in almost similar percentages. It typically manifests as closed and open comedones, so-called blackheads, papules, or whiteheads, pustules, better known as pimples, nodules i.e., furuncles, cysts, and unfortunately can also result in scarring in some cases. There are many causes of acne: increased activity of sebaceous glands, thickening of the wall of follicular ostium, bacterial colonization, in pjoint by Propionibacterium Acnes, and inflammation. In addition, various factors contribute to its occurrence such as family predisposition, stress, and smoking.

Especially in adolescence, it is important to be able to frame the degree of acne early, that is, whether it is mild, moderate, or severe, or, depending on the type of lesion, it can be classified into comedonic, papulo-pustular, nodular, and, in severe cases, conglobate. This avoids the development of scarring. In fact, this condition is often underestimated, which can therefore lead to psychological distress on the part of young patients and delay the benefits of treatment. It is known from studies conducted on patients’ quality of life that the acne-prone adolescent often suffers from low self-esteem, embarrassment, shyness, and in extreme cases even depression, emotional turmoil, shame about one’s appearance, resulting in difficulty relating to the opposite sex and a decline in school performance.


Regarding treatment, the European Guidelines, published in 2012 recommend which drugs, topical and systemic, to use according to the degree of acne. Topical retinoids, derived from vitamin A, are the first choice in comedonic acne. An important role is also played by benzoylperoxide a keratolytic agent with antibacterial action but not inducing antibiotic resistance, which is recommended in acne vulgaris and comedo- or papulo-pustular-predominant forms.

The use of topical antibiotics is useful in inflammatory forms, but is limited by resistance, which unfortunately is increasing in Europe. therefore, as far as acne is concerned, their local use in combination with other topical drugs is advisable, avoiding the concomitant administration of oral antibiotics and limiting the use of the latter to periods not exceeding three months, discontinuing them if there is no improvement. Remembering to fixed combinations of topical preparations offers the possibility of acting more specifically on the mechanisms that cause acne, also increasing adherence to therapy, making the application of only one product sufficient.


  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Federica Filigheddu
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Basic Doctors

  • Profile picture of Dr. Sergio Ettore Salteri
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Basic Doctors, Chiropractors, Posturologists

    • Via Vial di Romans 8 - Cordenons
  • Profile picture of Dr. Roberto Zaffaroni
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Basic Doctors, Therapist

    • Via San Francesco D' Assisi 5 - Varese
  • Profile picture of Dr. Giovanni Arrichiello
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Gynecologists, Basic Doctors

    • Corso Regina Margherita 260 - Torino
  • Profile picture of Dott. Gianlorenzo Casani
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Geriatrics, Certifying Doctor, Basic Doctors

    • Via Costantino Baroni 71/73 - Milano



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