2. Origin of plants on earth

Today's extant plant forms reflect a complex evolutionary "work" that has taken place over more than 400 million years, during which plants have deployed cunning strategies to be able to adapt to various types of environments, managing to survive and reproduce even in the most climatically severe places.

Beware of sprained ankle

Unexpected forcing sprains the ankle as it goes to force its range of motion and can cause a lateral injury. What are the presenting symptoms? How to intervene?

7. Apnea specialty.

In addition to static apnea, which we discussed in Lesson #7, we have DYNAMIC apnea and DEEP apnea.

How much has the attitude toward sports declined?


Doing sports is very good for your health, yet in Italy the attitude to practice a ‘sporting activity has decreased. According to Istat data, only 1 in 4 Italians play sports; in fact, 38 percent of people said they had no time or desire to engage in physical activity. According to the Ministry of Health, this decline is due to the development of automation and disdain for manual labor, but probably also to the lack of green areas and safety spaces for cyclists.

Children and the elderly play more sports

They are the young between the ages of 6 and 17 those to practice more sports, while as for the later age groups, 16 percent of 20-24 year olds and 13.2 percent of 25-34 year olds do so occasionally. Then there is a large segment of the Italian population, the age group between 40 and 60 years old, that does not want to go to the gym at all. It may sound strange, but the older you get the more you tend to play a sport, in fact from what the Istat analysis reveals, it is between the ages of 60 and 74 that people play a sport the most, and then it decreases significantly from the age of 75.

Lack of physical activity goes a long way in affecting people’s health, as our bodies need movement so as to decrease the risk of certain diseases.

What are the benefits of sports?

Playing sports has some health benefits:

  • Prevents hypercholesterolemia and hypertension;
  • Reduces the risk of developing heart disease: with daily physical activity, the heart becomes more robust and resistant to fatigue;
  • Reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression;
  • Prevents and reduces osteoporosis;
  • It reduces the risk of premature death;
  • Improves glucose tolerance;
  • It reduces the risk of obesity.

If you don’t have time to go to the gym, just moving for 30 minutes a day will be enough to prevent our body from being affected. The sedentariness, in fact, is the worst enemy to health. According to the World Health Organization Physical activity is defined as. “any exertion exerted by the musculoskeletal system that results in energy consumption greater than that under resting conditions.”.

So there are many ways to get moving without even realizing it: preferring the stairs to the ‘elevator, taking a walk in the park, walking home from work, or moving by bicycle are all ways to get physical activity and reduce the risks of disease, obesity, and anxiety.


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