Dyslipidemia: dietary advice

Dyslipidemias have been classified according to the type of excess lipoprotein particles in the blood. We can distinguish hyperlipidemia with high cholesterol in LDL and normal triglyceridemia. Treatment of dyslipidemia

Acute renal failure and nutrition

Acute renal failure is a fearsome condition, as it arises rapidly. It can be classified according to cause into pre-renal, intrinsic renal, or post-renal. Pre-renal IRA is due to renal

The hydro-electrolyte balance

Body water is distributed in two different compartments: intracellular and extracellular, which in turn is divided into intra and extravascular or interstitial. Electrolytes are distributed differently in the two compartments:

Beware of simple sugars, especially during the holidays


It is estimated that during the Christmas season, food consumption (as well as body weight) in general increases by about 30 percent. But for many Italians, not much changes when it comes to the consumption of simple sugars, which consistently remains in excess of the recommendations of the World Health Organization and Italian and Population Reference Intake Levels of Nutrients and Energy (LARNs): the energy intake of simple sugars should not exceed 10 percent and 15 percent of total daily calories, respectively.

In this regard, data from a survey on eating habits, conducted among 5400 adults (58% female, 42% male) by the Grana Padano Nutritional Observatory: daily energy intake derived from simple sugars (between those naturally present in food and those added in preparations and beverages) corresponds to about 20 percent, registering a slight increase from surveys in previous years.

Preference for sweets does not differ between males and females: 57 percent of respondents consume snacks, brioche, and croissants (10 percent of the sample consumes them almost every day). Spoon desserts are among the most popular: 77 percent of respondents consume tiramisu, puddings, as well as cakes filled with cream, cream and chocolate. Ice cream is the favorite dessert (only 13% of the sample does not consume it!), while chocolate is by frequency the most consumed dessert: 7% of respondents every day, 16% 2 to 4 times a week; 15%, on the other hand, consume it only once a week. 22% of the sample surveyed never eat chocolate, half of the respondents never consume candy, and only 17% do not eat cookies.

“It’s important not to run out of blood sugar, but at the same time, it’s also important not to overdo it with quantities, ” says Dr. Michela Barichella of the Grana Padano Nutrition Observatory Scientific Committee and President of Brain and Malnutrition. particularly with simple sugars and especially those added in drinks and preparations. This recommendation is critical so that we do not get to the opposite situation, namely hyperglycemia, a condition that can decrease attention and memory capacity, as well as increase the risk of serious cardiovascular disease and diabetes.”
It is certainly not the occasional dessert or the teaspoon of sugar in coffee that needs to be avoided, but rather the excessive consumption of daily sugar protracted throughout the year, particularly added (free) sugars not only in industrial beverages and preparations, but also in everyday domestic gastronomy.


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Tumors of the adrenal glands

The adrenal glands (or adrenals) are two small triangular structures “resting” on the kidneys and responsible for the production of several hormones critical for metabolic and hydroelectrolyte balance and stress


Hypothyroidism is a condition brought about by the insufficient production of thyroid hormones, tetraiodothyronine or thyroxine (T4) and tridothyronine (T3), by the thyroid gland, resulting in reduced overall metabolic efficiency


Dyspareunia is defined as persistent genital pain that occurs in women shortly before or during intercourse and sometimes still present after intercourse has ended. Painful intercourse can occur for reasons


Hyperprolactinemia corresponds to a condition determined by the excessive production of the hormone prolactin by the pituitary gland (a small neuroendocrine gland found in the center of the brain that


Goiter corresponds to the more or less bulky, protruding swelling that appears in the central anterior part of the neck mainly in people who are iodine-deficient for prolonged periods, due

Hirsutism and virilization

Hirsutism is a condition that primarily affects women and consists of the growth of dark hairs in skin areas in which significant hair is normally present only in adult men,


Menopause is a physiological event that affects all women in the age range of 46 to 53 years and corresponds to the gradual loss of ovarian function and, therefore, the

Overweight and obesity

Far from being a mere cosmetic problem, overweight and obesity are an established risk factor for the development of number of metabolic (foremost among them diabetes), acute cardiovascular (such as

Hashimoto’s thyroid

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland, causing it to become chronically inflamed and gradually degenerate and lose function, resulting in the development of hypothyroidism (a

Cushing’s disease

“Disease” or “Cushing’s syndrome,” sometimes referred to as “hypercortisolism,” is a condition characterized by a variable set of characteristic symptoms induced by the body’s exposure to excessive levels of glucocorticoids

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