INFLUENZA: maximum peak coming up

More than 7 million Italians have been bedridden in recent weeks because of infuenza, which seems to be very aggressive indeed this year. As always, those most affected are the

Separated parents and the holiday season

The Christmas vacation season, with the array of decorations and advertising icons and all the rhetoric of family and good feelings that accompany them, can prove at times and for some a kind of emotional "trap."

Personal autonomy and competence

Speaking of personhood and autonomy, it is possible to imagine how difficult it is for these concepts to be abstract. In the world of work, there are objective limits to

When work takes your breath away


When it comes to safety in the workplace one is inclined to think primarily of accidents that can occur while using machinery and tools, while driving motor vehicles, through accidental contact with irritants/corrosive substances or otherwise capable of causing immediate and obvious damage to the body, or from injuries and falls.

The attention devoted to the air quality breathed in factories, construction sites, or areas characterized by high air pollution, chemical pollution, or burning of hydrocarbons or other materials, on the other hand, tends to be very low, despite the fact that the detrimental effects on the respiratory system of many gases, fumes, and more or less fine dust are well known.

Emphasizing the importance of increasing precautions and protective measures from air toxics for people employed in risky work settings are the two leading international scientific societies concerned with respiratory medicine: the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the American Thoracic Society (ATS).

Conducting an extensive review of the major studies on the subject published in the literature, ERS/ATS experts found that those who work (and breathe) in high-risk locations have a markedly elevated likelihood of developing numerous chronic respiratory diseases, which are characterized by a high impact on health, productivity and the health care expenditures that countries must incur to provide appropriate treatment and care.

Even without considering neoplasms of the respiratory system (which were not the subject of the research), the societal and health repercussions appear enormous, including in terms of associated disability and mortality.

In particular, respiratory diseases most frequent chronic diseases promoted by occupational exposure are sarcoidosis and other granulomatous diseases (30%); alveolar proteinosis (29%); idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (26%); hypersensitivity pneumonitis (19%); asthma (16%); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-CPD (14%); chronic bronchitis (13%); community-acquired pneumonia of working age (10%); and tuberculosis (2.3% in workers exposed to silica; 1% among those working in health care).

In many cases, these are pathologies that cause non-reversible, progressively evolving and tend to be disabling damage/ dysfunctions, as well as often lacking adequate therapeutic solutions and such that not only the quality of life is substantially reduced, but also its duration.

In the face of these outcomes, ERS/ATS experts recommend the timely adoption of appropriate measures to reduce the production of hazardous volatile compounds in workplaces and the introduction of effective protective measures that can protect the respiratory system as much as possible of all those who necessarily have to perform their professional activities in hazardous environments. Will they be heard?

As we await a legislative response from governments and a positive response from employers, it pays to be aware of the health hazards that can be incurred in relation to the type and location of work being done and to not neglect any of the safety measures already in place, firmly calling for their improvement where they are insufficient. In addition, it is crucial to pay attention to any respiratory disorder that tends to persist beyond 7-14 days or recur frequently and submit it for medical evaluation, specifying its occupational context.

Source Blanc PD et al. The Occupational Burden of Nonmalignant Respiratory Diseases An Official American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society Statement. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2019;199(11):1312-1334. doi:10.1164/rccm.201904-0717ST (


  • Profile picture of Dott. Massimo Carotenuto
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    General Surgeons, Basic Doctors

    • Via Lepanto 95 - Pompei
  • Profile picture of Dr. Squillante Gianni Erminio
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Acupuncturists, Homeopathic Medicine, Basic Doctors

    • Via Monterotondo 14 - Roma
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Monica Calcagni
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Gynecologists, Aesthetic Doctors, Basic Doctors

    • Via Casilina 32 - Arce
  • Profile picture of Dr. Lucia Catalano
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Gynecologists, Senologists, Basic Doctors

    • Via Belluno 1 - Roma
  • Profile picture of Dott. Franco Cicerchia
    active 3 years, 9 months ago

    Ophthalmologists, Acupuncturists, Basic Doctors

    • Via Alcide de Gasperi 39 - Palestrina


Liver cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. The liver performs several necessary


The term “bronchiectasis” refers to a respiratory condition affecting the bronchi that is characterized by the presence of dilatations and degeneration of bronchial tissue, associated with the presence of “mucus


The term “rheumatism” refers to an extremely wide and varied group of disorders comprising more than one hundred rheumatic diseases that are very diverse in terms of causes, symptoms and


Bruxism is a condition in which you grind your teeth: it can happen, unconsciously, in a waking state or, more often, during sleep. People who clench or grind their teeth

Hashimoto’s thyroid

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland, causing it to become chronically inflamed and gradually degenerate and lose function, resulting in the development of hypothyroidism (a

Ablation of atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation surgery is a surgical procedure aimed at eliminating the source of the cardiac arrhythmia through the selective destruction of small portions of the cardiac tissue present

Jet lag

Jet-lag is a sleep disorder that affects those who travel by crossing at least 3-4 time zones, either westward or eastward, due mainly to the temporary failure of synchronization between


Keratitis is an ocular condition caused by inflammation of the cornea, the transparent membrane that lines the central anterior part of the eye, at the iris and pupil, and that


Schizophrenia is a severe and disabling chronic psychiatric illness that mainly arises in late adolescence or early adulthood, resulting in an altered perception of reality and consequent improper and unpredictable


Measles is a viral infection found everywhere in the world; it is a disease that affects only humans, there are no animal reservoirs, no asymptomatic carrier status. WHO estimated there

your advertising
exclusively ON

complete the form and you will be contacted by one of our managers