Cow’s milk protein allergy

This is an adverse reaction to milk protein in hypersensitive individuals. If no imunological mechanism is recognized, it will be called intolerance. Milk intake should be stopped immediately and objective

Body weight: the dangers of fluctuations

That repeated drastic diets are bad for your health, and not just your physical health, is a well-known concept and widely reiterated by doctors and nutritionists, although not always given

Probiotics and allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is a very common and widespread condition in the population with fairly high rates and symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and nasal congestion.

Diabetes mellitus: what is it?

Depending on the pathogenesis, two types of diabetes are distinguished: Type 1 diabetes from total or near-total insulin deficiency, and Type 2 diabetes, characterized by variable insulin resistance. Both types

Obesity: dietary therapy

Obesity is defined as “malnutrition by excess, with marked increase in fat mass, of greater magnitude than overweight.” Based on excess body fat and using BMI as a reference, obesity

Bacterial infections and international travel

Having to undertake a trip, whether for business or leisure, it is necessary to gather detailed information about the places one intends to visit, considering the map of countries where the risk of exposure to "traveler's diseases" is highest.

Vegan diet reduces body weight and improves insulin sensitivity

A low-fat vegan diet induces changes in the gut microbiota and improves insulin sensitivity, according to the results of a randomized controlled trial conducted in overweight or obese adults.
The intervention lasted for 16 weeks, during which time body weight was reduced significantly more in subjects on the vegan diet than in those who continued the previous diet. With the vegan diet plan, there was an average weight loss of 5.8 kg, largely due to a decrease in fat mass, despite no calorie restriction being imposed.
The work was coordinated by Hana Kahleova, director of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine in Washington, D.C., who has previously shown how people can lose twice as much weight on a vegan diet as on a non-vegan diet of the same caloric intake. “The new study,” Kahleova said in an interview with Medscape Medical News, “was created with the goal of finding out why.
For the trial, 148 adults who were overweight but had never suffered from diabetes were recruited; they were divided into two groups to follow either a low-fat vegan diet or no dietary modification. The mean age in the vegan and control groups was 53 and 57 years, respectively, and women were 60% and 67%; body mass index was about 33 kg/m3 in both groups.
The results suggest that the beneficial effects are mediated by induced changes in the community of microorganisms that are present in the gut. ” A plant-based diet with good fiber intake improves the composition of the gut microbiota, promoting bacterial strains that play a positive role in health, particularly the Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, which produces many metabolic benefits, including weight loss, increased insulin sensitivity, and reduced fat mass, including visceral fat mass.”
Hana Kahleova presented the results of her study at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), which was held in Barcelona from September 17-20, 2019


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Overweight and obesity

Far from being a mere cosmetic problem, overweight and obesity are an established risk factor for the development of number of metabolic (foremost among them diabetes), acute cardiovascular (such as

Hirsutism and virilization

Hirsutism is a condition that primarily affects women and consists of the growth of dark hairs in skin areas in which significant hair is normally present only in adult men,

Cushing’s disease

“Disease” or “Cushing’s syndrome,” sometimes referred to as “hypercortisolism,” is a condition characterized by a variable set of characteristic symptoms induced by the body’s exposure to excessive levels of glucocorticoids


Goiter corresponds to the more or less bulky, protruding swelling that appears in the central anterior part of the neck mainly in people who are iodine-deficient for prolonged periods, due

Hashimoto’s thyroid

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland, causing it to become chronically inflamed and gradually degenerate and lose function, resulting in the development of hypothyroidism (a

Diabetes and hypoglycemic syndromes

Diabetes or, more precisely, “diabetes mellitus” is a complex metabolic disease in which there is an increase in blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from insufficient insulin production by the Langerhans


Menopause is a physiological event that affects all women in the age range of 46 to 53 years and corresponds to the gradual loss of ovarian function and, therefore, the


Hyperprolactinemia corresponds to a condition determined by the excessive production of the hormone prolactin by the pituitary gland (a small neuroendocrine gland found in the center of the brain that


Dyspareunia is defined as persistent genital pain that occurs in women shortly before or during intercourse and sometimes still present after intercourse has ended. Painful intercourse can occur for reasons

Tumors of the adrenal glands

The adrenal glands (or adrenals) are two small triangular structures “resting” on the kidneys and responsible for the production of several hormones critical for metabolic and hydroelectrolyte balance and stress

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