ARTICOLI CORRELATI

ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION, WHAT TO KNOW AND WHAT TO DO

The mechanism that determines erection in the male arises from sexual arousal, which in turn is the result of the participation of emotions, the brain, hormonal flows, heart and vessels, muscles and nerves. Sometimes even one of these factors can cause erectile dysfunction, which can worsen when a state of emotional malaise and stress or even a persistent state of anxiety is added to it.

Food, sports, sex: easy summer excesses

There are many pleasant and satisfying experiences in the summer in which mood and emotions are at their peak, conditions that could also sometimes cause misjudgment of some hidden dangers in a crescendo of positive and exhilarating experiences. So what ? Spoil the party with negative thoughts and fears ?

Mitral valve regurgitation

It is a condition in which the mitral valve leaflets do not close tightly, causing blood to leak backward into the left atrium of the heart.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle thickens, becoming hypertrophic, in the absence of dilation of the ventricles. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy affects men and women equally. It is

CT Computed Axial Tomography

Computed tomography, abbreviated as CT, still often commonly referred to as CAT (computerized axial tomography) despite the evolution of the method, is an imaging investigation that provides very detailed three-dimensional

Ultrasound

Ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound that is quick and easy to perform, harmless, painless, and low-cost, and because of these favorable characteristics it

Working professions in mitral valve disease

It is well known that risk factors for heart disease include habits such as excessive alcohol use, such as smoking, a high-protein and high-fat diet, and also genetic factors, while less consideration is often given to factors of occupational origin.

Echocardiogram

ecocardiogramma

The echocardiogram, also known as echocardiography, is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound, which is quick and easy to perform, harmless, painless, and low-cost, and because of these favorable features has become very popular in the last 20 years in cardiology to study the heart, the blood vessels surrounding it, and the heart valves.

Description

An echocardiogram is for all intents and purposes an ultrasound scan performed at the level of the heart that can be conducted transthoracic or transesophageal and allows visualization of the heart, the blood vessels surrounding it, and the heart valves during their normal functioning, at rest, after stress testing, or after taking a drug, providing two- or three-dimensional images.

The transthoracic mode is the simplest and is performed similarly to a common external ultrasound, scanning the chest with a sensor/transducer after applying a special gel to the clean, dry skin that optimizes ultrasound transmission to and from the structures to be examined.

The sensor/transducer sends diagnostic ultrasounds, which pass through the body tissues for several centimeters and are partially “reflected” by them back to the sensor/transducer, differentially according to the characteristics of the tissue itself. The signals received and transduced by the sensor into electrical pulses are sent to the ultrasound scanner, which translates them into images (black and white or color), displayed on the monitor in real time.

This makes it possible not only to visualize all the structures in the area scanned by the ultrasound scanner, but also to assess the contraction of the heart, the opening/closing of the valves, and the flow of blood as they function.

The transesophageal modality is a bit more complex and involves mild preliminary sedation and the insertion into the esophagus of a small tube with the sensor/transducer on the end, which is placed at the level of the heart. From here, having to pass through minimal layers of well-hydrated tissue, the ultrasound arrives and is reflected off the structures to be examined more efficiently and with less interference, providing more detailed and better defined images.

Regardless of the modality used, during the course of the examination, the physician takes a number of snapshots of the images on the monitor that he or she considers to be of particular relevance for diagnostic purposes. Examination by transthoracic modality takes about 15-20 minutes on average, while that conducted by transesophageal modality is somewhat more challenging, partly because of the time required for initial sedation and final recovery. In both cases, the report is usually delivered immediately after the evaluation is finished.

When needed

The echocardiogram is performed to assess the size, structure, and dynamic function of the heart, heart valves, and related vessels in the presence of clinical symptoms suggestive of the presence of heart disease and/or after other first-level cardiologic examinations (e.g., electrocardiogram, ECG) have resulted in findings worthy of further investigation. In addition, the test is used to monitor already diagnosed heart disease and before/after surgery. The main conditions that lead to the indication of performing the echocardiogram include:

  • heart failure;
  • alterations in heart rhythm;
  • dilated cardiomyopathy;
  • coronary artery disease;
  • altered anatomy and malfunction of heart valves;
  • congenital heart defects;
  • outcomes of cardiac surgery.

Special Warnings

Performing the echocardiogram involves no special preparation. If you are already on medications to control known heart disease, your physician will indicate when to take them in the hours before the exam to optimize the outcome of the evaluation.

If the examination is conducted transesophageally, a mild sedation, which is generally harmless, is expected to be administered in advance: in this case, any allergies/intolerances to certain medications and a complete list of all medications, nutritional supplements and phytotherapeutic/alternative remedies that are being taken should be communicated to the physician in advance in order to avoid possible unfavorable interactions.

However, the list of all substances taken (including alcohol and beverages containing caffeine or other stimulants) should always be reported to the physician so that he or she can better interpret the outcome of the evaluation and more easily trace the possible cause of the abnormal cardiac symptoms and signs found.

Echocardiogram can be performed at any age, including pediatric age.

SPECIALISTI IN EVIDENZA

  • Profile picture of Dr. Antonio Varriale
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Aesthetic Doctors, Dentists, Basic Doctors

    • Via Grotta dell Olmo 20 - Giugliano in Campania
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Cinzia Maria Zurra
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Basic Doctors, Aesthetic Doctors, Nutritionists

    • Viale Rimembranze 5 - Triuggio
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Izabella Sylwia Bartosiewicz
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Basic Doctors, Rheumatologists

    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Floriana Di Martino
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Aesthetic Doctors, Basic Doctors

    • Piazza della Rinascita 13 - Pescara
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa OLGA PETROVSKAIA
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Pain therapists, Basic Doctors, Therapist

    • Via Giulio Romano 3 - Valle Martella
    phone

PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Myocardial infarction

Acute myocardial infarction, which affects about 100,000 people in Italy each year, corresponds to the death of a part of the heart muscle due to an interruption in the supply

Aortic aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm refers to permanent dilatation of a well-defined segment of the aorta, the largest artery in the body that receives blood directly from the left ventricle and distributes

Cardiac arrest

Cardiac arrest corresponds to the interruption of the heart’s contraction and pumping action, resulting from a sudden and drastic alteration in its electrical activity (ventricular fibrillation). Cardiac arrest is an

Lymphedema

1/10 – What is lymphedema Lymphedema is a chronic pathological condition mainly manifested by swelling of a region of the body due to the accumulation of lymph in the tissues.

Mitral valve repair

Repair of an insufficient/deteriorated mitral valve can be done: Removing the malfunctioning segments of the valve leaflets; implanting “synthetic cords” (which replace the broken or “stretched” natural ones of the

Intracranial hypertension

Increased pressure within the head box may be related to cerebral edema or the presence of an intracranial expansive lesion, an obstruction of CSF circulation, or the association of these

Peripheral arteriopathy obliterans

Peripheral arteriopathy obliterans is a vascular disease that affects the arteries, especially those in the legs, preventing the muscles and tissues from receiving adequate blood supply, resulting in symptoms of

Coronaropathy

The term coronary artery disease refers to chronic “distress” of the coronary arteries, the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle, in most cases brought about by atherosclerotic pathology

Blow to the heart

A “heart murmur” is not in itself a pathology , but merely a signal that the blood inside the heart is flowing too fast or in a “disordered” manner, producing

Venous insufficiency

Venous insufficiency and associated vascular disorders, such as varicose veins and telangiectasias (superficial capillaries), mainly affect the venous vessels of the legs and arms and are mainly related to the
CULTURA E SALUTE
 
AGGIORNAMENTI
 
PERCORSI
 

your advertising
exclusively ON
MY SPECIAL DOCTOR

complete the form and you will be contacted by one of our managers