The electric shock

When electrical energy, by mistake or accident, reaches the body by traveling through it in several parts, electric shock occurs.

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

A transient ischemic attack (TIA stands for transient ischemic attack) is characterized by a temporary interruption or reduction in blood flow to the brain. It lasts a few minutes and

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa was included in DSM 5 (2013) in the broader diagnostic category called Nutrition and Eating Disorders. The main characteristic of this disorder is food refusal. The term anorexia (literally

DEPRESSION: the end of the supremacy of drugs

From the myth of happy pills to integrated care “Like most people I thought antidepressants worked”-so begins the book by Irving Kirsch, professor of psychology at Harvard and Plymouth, now

Memory in the work environment

The memorization process is the basis of the mind’s functionality; in fact, collecting data, sorting and associating them with each other, and then picking them up again at the right

Stroke: here’s what to do

Stroke is a life-threatening emergency. It occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures or becomes obstructed, due to a blood clot. In this case, the brain does not

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

Deep brain stimulation (DBS from the English acronym Deep Brain Stimulation) is a surgical treatment with the goal of reducing debilitating motor symptoms that characterize movement disorders such as Parkinson’s,



Anxiety has a thousand faces, and the ways in which it manifests itself can change over time, with varying pervasiveness and severity.

Diagnosis is essentially based on two basic concepts: the specific centrality of the disorder and its clinical significance.

That is, the clinician must ask: What causes the patient to seek help from the physician? What are the central symptoms (psychopathological core) that cause suffering? What is the main characteristic of these symptoms and in what category of disorders can they be recognized? Do the symptoms have clinical significance? That is, do they cause “clinically significant impairment or discomfort?

Anxiety can manifest itself

  • In acute form, such as panic attack
  • Or sneaky, unpleasant and aggravating, such as generalized anxiety

Symptomatology may appear suddenly, in the midst of mental and physical well-being, out of the blue, with no apparent connection to traumatic events(panic attack) or arise in the immediacy–within a month–of trauma(acute stress disorder) or later(posttraumatic stress disorder),

Anxiety may also present itself in clinical practice in the form of physical symptoms (somatization). Vegetative phenomena, sleep disturbances, asthenia, changes in appetite and sexuality, gastrointestinal complaints (e.g., abdominal cramps/pain), heaviness in the limbs, back, or head, back pain, muscle aches, and chest pain are examples of recurrent somatic symptoms during the course of an anxiety episode.

Many symptoms, such as asthenia, tremor, palpitations, easy fatigability, restlessness, insomnia, difficulty concentrating, feeling of lurching or unsteady balance, cephalalgic seizures, or other painful manifestations, are nonspecific and may conceal organic pathologies-thyroid dysfunction, neoplasms, myopathies, renal failure. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to diagnose them in a timely manner with the performance of specific laboratory or instrumental investigations, with the request for specialized consultations on the basis of suitable diagnostic hypotheses, after a careful assessment of the patient’s medical history, lifestyle and the context in which the disorder occurs.

It is not always possible to delineate a causal link between life events and the clinical picture; in some situations anxiety arises after a traumatic event or in conjunction with a period of particular stress, other times there are no apparent reasons for the onset of anxiety.

In fact, the pathogenesis is multifactorial. It is not easy to determine the responsiveness or otherwise of an anxiety disorder, even those that may seem to be disorders clearly related to life events may not be on closer examination; conversely, seemingly insignificant events for most people may have clear pathogenic significance in some circumstances

It is important in any case to consider the relationship of Anxiety Disorders to the subject’s personality.

Anxiety is ubiquitous, we find it in many medical and psychiatric conditions and it is present in daily life.

There is a wide area of symptom overlap between anxiety disorders and depression.

Fear, dread, worry, and anguish, pregnant experiences of the anxiety dimension, can coexist-with different tones and clinical modulations-with sadness, depressed mood, and experiences of guilt-characterizing the depressive dimension. It is essential to understand the reasons for the discomfort, the context and the ways in which it manifests itself, and what interventions can modify the discomfort, always remembering that behind the symptom is the person with his or her way of being and coping with life.


The fear of danger is ten thousand times more chilling than the danger itself: the weight of anxiety seems heavier to us than the evil feared. (Daniel Defoe)


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    Aesthetic Doctors, Basic Doctors

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    Basic Doctors, Acupuncturists, Aesthetic Doctors

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    Psychotherapists, Basic Doctors

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Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is an aging-related neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system, affecting about 2.5% of people over 70 years of age, which is mainly characterized by resting tremor in

Sleep and menopause

Sleep disorders are one of the health problems most often reported by women approaching menopause and in the period after (climacteric). The need for sleep naturally tends to decrease with

Morton’s neuroma

Morton’s neuroma consists of a thickening of the tissue surrounding a nerve tract present in the sole of the foot at the anterior (forefoot) support area, usually at the base

Sleep and mood disorders

Sleep disorders and mood disorders are linked by a double thread and articulately affect each other. Decades of studies and clinical-practical experience, both in the field of Sleep Medicine and

Brain tumors

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“M” for meningococcal meningitis. What is meant by meningitis? Although the term immediately evokes the meningococcal form, it should not be forgotten that “meningitis” means inflammation of the meninges, that

Cluster headache

Cluster headache is a primary form of headache that is characterized by the manner in which the attacks occur, which are precisely “clustered” in so-called “active periods” lasting up to

Spinal canal stenosis

Spinal canal stenosis consists of the narrowing of a section of the canal present along the entire spine (formed by the aligned succession of small holes in the center of


Schizophrenia is a severe and disabling chronic psychiatric illness that mainly arises in late adolescence or early adulthood, resulting in an altered perception of reality and consequent improper and unpredictable

Restless leg syndrome

Restless legs syndrome is a chronic disorder characterized by the onset of a feeling of general leg discomfort, which occurs when the legs are kept still even for short periods

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