ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Inadequate nutrition?

A proper diet that is complete in terms of the nutritional components of foods, with the right levels of sugars, and based on non-harmful products will ensure proper daily energy.

Functional gastrointestinal disorders

Medicine, accustomed as it is to conventions and classifications, distinguishes diseases into organic and functional. The former are those associated with actual damage: this is the case, for example, with

Obesity: dietary therapy

Obesity is defined as “malnutrition by excess, with marked increase in fat mass, of greater magnitude than overweight.” Based on excess body fat and using BMI as a reference, obesity

Chronic renal failure and nutrition

reni-1

When we talk about chronic renal failure , we refer to the progressive decline in glomerular function, with reduced filtering capacity of the kidney. The diseases that promote the occurrence of CRI are hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. Continuous monitoring of blood crasis, protein and hydroelectrolyte balance, and acid-base and metabolic balance is necessary. In patients with CRI, especially in the more advanced stages, gastrointestinal symptoms are often present, which may result in anorexia, vomiting, and nausea. Some important aspects of dietary therapy are restriction of protein intake, adequate energy intake, and control of the hydro-electrolyte balance.

Diet therapy

Dietary intervention plays a key role in the conservative treatment of chronic renal failure. It has the function of:

  • Check urea levels
  • Check blood levels of phosphorus and parathormone
  • Control the acid-base balance
  • Control cardiovascular risk factors
  • Maintaining an adequate nutritional status
  • Slowing the progression of chronic renal failure to terminal uremia

The hypoprotein diet aims to control progression and metabolic complications and varies according to the grade of CDI.

In mild CRI, nutrition should be directed toward controlling hypertension. In moderate CRI, dietary therapy should be aimed at reducing protein intake to0.8- 0.6 g/kg body weight. Finally, in severe CRI, the diet should be aimed at reducing to 0.6 g/kg of ideal body weight.

Source: Handbook of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition by Franco Contaldo et al.

SPECIALISTI IN EVIDENZA

  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Carmela Tizziani
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Coroner, Certifying Doctor, Basic Doctors

    • Via Gaetano Bruno 25 - Napoli
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa OLGA PETROVSKAIA
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Pain therapists, Basic Doctors, Therapist

    • Via Giulio Romano 3 - Valle Martella
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dott. Massimo Carotenuto
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    General Surgeons, Basic Doctors

    • Via Lepanto 95 - Pompei
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dr. Virgilio De Bono
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Aesthetic Doctors, Basic Doctors, Dermatologists

    • Via Ripense 4 - Roma
    phone
  • Profile picture of Dr. Fabio Fabi
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Sports Doctors, Internist, Basic Doctors

    • Via Sarsina 147 - Roma
    phone

PATOLOGIE CORRELATE

Lactose intolerance

People with lactose intolerance are unable to fully digest the sugar in milk. The condition, which is also called lactose malabsorption, is usually harmless, but its symptoms can be uncomfortable.

Peptic ulcer

Peptic ulcer is an injury to the lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or occasionally the lower esophagus. An ulcer in the stomach is known

Esophagitis

Esophagitis is an acute or chronic inflammation that can damage the tissues of the esophagus, the stretch of the alimentary canal that connects the pharynx to the stomach. In mild

Abdominal hernia

An abdominal hernia occurs when a viscera or part of a viscera leaks out of the abdominal cavity where it is contained, due to the weakening of one of the

Colitis

Colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease, which occurs when the lining of the large intestine or colon, and rectum are inflamed. Such inflammation produces small ulcers in the walls of

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a defecation disorder characterized by increased emission of a daily amount of stool greater than 200 g with decreased stool consistency and increased frequency of bowel discharge. In

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a fairly common inflammation of the liver in all countries of the world, brought about by infection with Hepatitis B virus (HBV), which is the second leading

Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder wall. The inflammatory process, once initiated, generates changes at both microscopic and macroscopic levels, evolving from simple congestion, through a suppuration phase, to

Intestinal polyposis

Polyps are abnormal growths of tissue protruding to a mucous tonaca; they are pathological growths that, in the intestines, form especially in the colon and rectum. For the most part,

Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-term inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum.
CULTURA E SALUTE
 
AGGIORNAMENTI
 
PERCORSI
 

your advertising
exclusively ON
MY SPECIAL DOCTOR

complete the form and you will be contacted by one of our managers