ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Peptic ulcer: what is it?

Peptic ulcer is a disease of considerable social importance. Current data show that in Western countries, 2% of the population has an active ulcer, while 6-15% have presented clinical manifestations

Panic attacks in adolescence

Panic attacks are one of the typical symptoms of adolescence. Anxiety disorders and panic attacks in fact represent one of the prevalent reasons why psychological counseling is sought in this age group.

Diabetic emergencies

Diabetes is a condition in which insulin, which helps the body harness the energy within food, is absent. Excessive insulin concentration causes insulin or hyperglycemic shock. Excessive sugar contraction together

Hyperprolactinemia: what to do?

Prolactin (PRL) is a hormone, normally produced by the pituitary gland, whose function is to stimulate milk production in pregnant women and to prevent further pregnancy during the early stages

Gastro-oesophageal reflux

Gastro-oesophageal reflux Here are the main indications to counteract this disorder Recent studies show that gastroesophageal reflux in Italy affects about 20-25% of the population. The main causes of the

The pathologies of the hip

Hip disorders are disorders that affect the hip joint, which looks like a kind of ball inserted into a structure that allows the thigh to be able to move in multiple directions and helps the hips to support the weight of the body.

Dental caries: what are they?

Dental caries, ( from Latin caries, “corrosion, putrefaction”) is one of the most prevalent and common degenerative diseases in dentistry. This is a degenerative process that damages the hard tissues

What are the causes of cystitis?

The causes of cystitis (reasons why the bladder becomes inflamed), are many. We will discuss only cystitis from infectious causes and, specifically, bacterial cystitis, the most frequent and the most

Angina pectoris: diagnosis and treatments

infarto

Angina pectoris expresses myocardial ischemia, and its diagnosis is based primarily on the evaluation of patient-reported complaints. Angina can be related to exercise. There can be many different causes: it can be chronic atherosclerosis, but coronary artery spasm is also possible in the absence of atherosclerotic lesions. The main diagnostic question lies in the correct interpretation of anginal pain. In the absence of appropriate diagnostic tools, initial suspicion can be confirmed by regression of anginal pain after sublingual administration of nitroglycerin.

Symptomatology and diagnosis

The pivotal symptom is the pain, which can take on connotations that vary from case to case. The reaction patient’s instinct is to remain motionless. Other symptoms include pallor and skin sweating, atrial gallop, abnormal pulse rate, paradoxical splitting of the second tone and increased pressor values.

As for the instrumental diagnosis the main examination to be done is the electrocardiogram, from perform under stress. Radioisotopic investigations should also be done and coronarography.

Principles of therapy

Therapy involves taking nitroglocerin sublingually at the onset of anginal pain. In case of ineffectiveness, isosorbide dinitrate can be used. For chronic treatment one can use: nitroderivatives, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, antiplatelet agents.

Source: Medical Guard Handbook edited by Piercarlo Salari (Mediserve)

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Lumbago

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