When work takes your breath away

When it comes to safety in the workplace one is inclined to think primarily of accidents that can occur while using machinery and tools, while driving motor vehicles, through accidental

Starting a physical activity: some tips

The reasons that often prompt us to start a physical activity are many and varied. One of the main motivations is definitely aesthetic (one plays sports to improve one’s physical

Bureaucracy in the work environment

One of the main causes of work stress is bureaucracy, which is often called into question when problems seem to have no solution. In the current social and labor organizational

Quarantine: impact and psychological costs

The Lancet Journal published a very recent review regarding the impact and cost in psychological terms from quarantine. Consideration was given to 24 papers done between 2004 and 2020 in

Learning to think

Thinking and intelligence are two different things: intelligence is comparable to the power of a car engine; thinking, on the other hand, is the skill of the driver. Many people

World Aids Day: don’t let your guard down


The prevalence of HIV infection has declined significantly in recent years, while the therapies available to combat it have increased, becoming more effective and better tolerated. This has enabled people intercepted by the virus to achieve a life expectancy superimposed on that of the uninfected population and maintain a good level of well-being, for a long time. As we celebrate World AIDS Day (Dec. 1), the World Health Organization (WHO) reminds us that these results, which are to be welcomed, should not, however, lead us to lower our guard against a virus that is always lurking and has certainly not ceased to create major health problems, with related human and economic costs, in all countries of the world.

Although the HIV/AIDS problem is particularly dramatic on the African continent today (where there are approximately 26 million HIV-positive people and significant difficulties are encountered in preventing and combating the disease), it should not be overlooked that 2.3 million European citizens, 3.4 million Americans, and another 3.5 million people residing in Southeast Asia are also HIV+ and require constant care to maintain a sufficiently low viral load and sufficiently high CD4 lymphocyte levels to avoid significant states of immunosuppression and the resulting complications.

Based on data collected nationally by the Surveillance System of New Diagnoses of HIV Infection, in 2018, there were 2,847 new diagnoses of HIV infection in Italy, equal to 4.7 new cases per 100,000 residents: an incidence just below the average for European Union countries (5.1 cases per 100,000 residents) and overall decreasing between 2012 and 2018. However, among young people under the age of 25, the spread of infection peaked in 2017. The highest incidence was observed among people aged 25-29 years (11.8 new cases per 100,000 residents) and 30-39 years (10.9 new cases per 100,000 residents). People who found out they were HIV+ in 2018 were male in 85.6% of cases; the median age was 39 years for men and 38 years for women.

The majority of new diagnoses of HIV infection in Italy in 2018 were attributable to unprotected sexual intercourse (80.2 percent of all reports), and in one-third of cases HIV testing was performed following the finding of an HIV-related condition or characteristic symptoms (32.6 percent). Other reasons for testing were: risky behavior (14.4 percent), investigations for other disease (11.3 percent), screening initiatives/information campaigns (9.8 percent), unprotected sexual intercourse (9.7 percent), diagnosis or suspected sexually transmitted infection-STI (4.0 percent).

How to protect yourself and protect others
Being aware of the fact that, even today, HIV infection can have serious consequences, knowing how the virus is transmitted and methods to avoid being infected is key to reducing individual risk of infection and preventing others from becoming infected. Currently, there are essentially two routes through which the disease can be contracted: sexual activity and the promiscuous use of syringes among injection substance of abuse users. In this regard, it should be reiterated (because many people forget or underestimate the concept) that one does not need to engage in “risky” sexual behavior oneself or know one’s partner poorly to find oneself HIV-positive.

In fact, the AIDS virus does not care to know the sexual preferences of the people it decides to infect, nor does it care whether they are engaged in homo- or heterosexual sex, whether the people involved are young or older, whether they have just met or have been married for some time. For HIV, any opportunity is a good one to colonize a new host and it is in no hurry to cause symptoms that might make one suspect its presence in the body, because by remaining “incognito” for a longer period it will be more likely to transmit itself to more people.

Taking precautions throughout sexual intercourse, always providing for the use of condoms, is the most effective means of protecting yourself and your partner and reducing the spread of HIV. This caution will also protect against other sexually transmitted diseases, which in recent years have resumed significant prevalence, especially among young people, such as Chlamydia infection, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, genital herpes, and syphilis (a potentially very severe disease if not diagnosed and treated early, which was thought to have been relegated to the history books and is, instead, back in the news).

Equally important, if you think you may have been exposed to the AIDS virus for any reason, is to check your HIV-negative or positive status through a simple, harmless, anonymous and free blood test. Although waiting for the result can be a bit stressful, taking the HIV test is crucial to know whether in-depth evaluations need to be done, appropriate treatment initiated, and appropriate behaviors adopted to avoid transmitting the virus to others. To perform it, simply ask your doctor for information or go directly to a hospital, clinical-diagnostic center or outpatient clinic authorized to perform the test.

To find out which centers are nearest to you for HIV testing and/or you have questions or concerns about the disease or want to learn more about the subject to support a friend or family member, you can contact the AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections Hotline (TAV/IST) at 800.861.061, operating Monday through Friday, 1 p.m. to 6 p.m. Operators answer questions in both Italian and english and, twice a week, it is also possible to receive advice from a legal expert in protecting the rights of people with HIV and their families. Alternatively, you can consult the map of centers that perform HIV testing in each Region found on the website ( or also visit the ReTe AIDS – United We Win website ( and contact the operators of the Territorial Associations closest to your home.


  • World Health Organization – WHO (
  • Ministry of Health (


  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa Anna Puccio
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Gynecologists, Basic Doctors

    • Via Vincenzo Ponsati 69 - Volvera
  • Profile picture of Dott.ssa OLGA PETROVSKAIA
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Pain therapists, Basic Doctors, Therapist

    • Via Giulio Romano 3 - Valle Martella
  • Profile picture of Dr. Giandomenico Mascheroni
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Endocrinologists, Basic Doctors, Certifying Doctor

    • Via Petrarca 53 - Carnago
  • Profile picture of Dr. Lucia Catalano
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Gynecologists, Senologists, Basic Doctors

    • Via Belluno 1 - Roma
  • Profile picture of Dott. Franco Cicerchia
    active 4 years, 1 month ago

    Ophthalmologists, Acupuncturists, Basic Doctors

    • Via Alcide de Gasperi 39 - Palestrina



Rubella is a disease caused by a virus that is transmitted from person to person by droplets from nasopharyngeal secretions. Rubella is endemic worldwide and, in the absence of specific


Hemorrhoids are vascular structures of the anus and lower rectum that serve to maintain fecal continence. If they become swollen or inflamed, they become pathological and cause a syndrome known


Anorgasmia is the syndrome by which we refer to the difficulty in having orgasms even after normal sexual stimulation. The intensity and frequency of orgasms in women are variables that

Renal failure

Renal failure refers to a condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to perform their basic function of filtering blood, with reabsorption of useful substances and elimination of metabolic

Renal Colic

An attack of renal colic represents one of the most unfortunate clinical experiences because of the intense pain caused by kidney stones that may be present from the kidney to


Dyspareunia is defined as persistent genital pain that occurs in women shortly before or during intercourse and sometimes still present after intercourse has ended. Painful intercourse can occur for reasons

Vaginal candidiasis

Vaginal candidiasis is one of the most common causes of genital and vulvar discomfort among women of childbearing age, especially between the ages of 20 and 40. At the origin

Renal calculosis

Kidney stones is a widespread disease in industrialized countries, including Italy, especially among adult men, who are affected about twice as often as women. Kidney stones are solid structures of

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are hollow formations filled with fluid or other materials that may occasionally form within or on the surface of the ovaries at different times in a woman’s life,


Cytomegalovirus is a DNA virus that belongs to the herpes virus group. After primary infection it persists in a latent form in the body and can reactivate when defense systems

your advertising
exclusively ON

complete the form and you will be contacted by one of our managers